Clinical reasoning and critical reflection in physiotherapists’ examinations of patients with low back pain in its early phase : a qualitative study from physiotherapists’ point of view
Karvonen, E., Paatelma, M., Laitinen-Väänänen, S., & Piirainen, A. (2017). Clinical reasoning and critical reflection in physiotherapists’ examinations of patients with low back pain in its early phase : a qualitative study from physiotherapists’ point of view. European Journal of Physiotherapy, 19 (4), 185-193. doi:10.1080/21679169.2017.1316311
Published inEuropean Journal of Physiotherapy
© 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group
Aim: The aim of this study was to deepen the current understanding of physiotherapists’ decision-making process and more specifically, to investigate their reflections on their clinical reasoning when examining low back pain patients. Method: Data were collected in interviews with six physiotherapists, were the stimulated recall method was used. Interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed and then analysed by content analysis. Results: Physiotherapists critically analysed and reflected their choices and decisions in clinical reasoning with patient’s symptoms, onset of pain, clinical test choices and results. They stopped to consider the adequacy of tests for drawing conclusions and their own manual skills as physiotherapists and also the classification of LBP being used. At critical reflection levels, based on King and Kitchener, physiotherapists’ judgements were at levels four to seven. Conclusions: The results showed that physiotherapists critically justified their clinical reasoning by systemically using a hypothetico-deductive reasoning model and reflected on their decisions in all phases of low back pain patient’s examination, from the history to the physiotherapy diagnosis and also on the classification of non-specific low back pain. ...
PublisherTaylor & Francis; Informa Healthcare
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