A new 18 GHz room temperature electron cyclotron resonance ion source for highly charged ion beams
Koivisto, H., Ikonen, A., Kalvas, T., Kosonen, S., Kronholm, R., Marttinen, M., Tarvainen, O., & Toivanen, V. (2020). A new 18 GHz room temperature electron cyclotron resonance ion source for highly charged ion beams. Review of Scientific Instruments, 91(2), Article 023303. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5128860
Published inReview of Scientific Instruments
DisciplineYdin- ja kiihdytinfysiikan huippuyksikköKiihdytinlaboratorioCentre of Excellence in Nuclear and Accelerator Based PhysicsAccelerator Laboratory
© 2020 Author(s)
An innovative 18 GHz HIISI (Heavy Ion Ion Source Injector) room temperature Electron Cyclotron Resonance (ECR) ion source (ECRIS) has been designed and constructed at the Department of Physics, University of Jyväskylä (JYFL), for the nuclear physics program of the JYFL Accelerator Laboratory. The primary objective of HIISI is to increase the intensities of medium charge states (M/Q ≅ 5) by a factor of 10 in comparison with the JYFL 14 GHz ECRIS and to increase the maximum usable xenon charge state from 35+ to 44+ to serve the space electronics irradiation testing program. HIISI is equipped with a refrigerated permanent magnet hexapole and a noncylindrical plasma chamber to achieve very strong radial magnetic confinement with Brad = 1.42 T. The commissioning of HIISI began in Fall 2017, and in Spring 2019, it has met the main objectives. As an example, the intensity of the Xe27+ ion beam has improved from 20 μA to 230 μA. In addition, the beam intensity of the Xe44+ ion beam has exceeded the requirement set by the irradiation testing program. The performance of HIISI is comparable to superconducting ECR ion sources with the same maximum microwave frequency of 18 GHz and a total power of 3 kW. For example, Ar16+ and Xe30+ ion beam intensities of 130 μA and 106 μA, respectively, have been obtained with a total microwave power of 3 kW distributed between 18, 17.4, and 14.5 GHz frequencies. The ion beams have been extracted through an 8 mm plasma electrode aperture using 15–17 kV extraction voltage. The latest development work, extracted ion beam intensities, special features, and future prospects of HIISI are presented in this paper. ...
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics
ISSN Search the Publication Forum0034-6748
Publication in research information system
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Additional information about fundingThis project received funding from the Academy of Finland under the Finnish Centre of Excellence Programme 2012-2017 (Nuclear and Accelerator Based Physics Research at JYFL, Project No. 213503) and from the Academy of Finland under the infrastructure funding (Grant No. 273526). This work was also funded by the European Space Research and Technology Centre, European Space Agency, under ESA/GSTP ESTEC/Contract No. 4000112736/14/NL/PA. ...
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