“All under heaven as one family” : Tianxiaist ideology and the emerging Chinese great power identity
Puranen, M. (2019). “All under heaven as one family” : Tianxiaist ideology and the emerging Chinese great power identity. Journal of China and International Relations, 7(1), 44-61. https://doi.org/10.5278/jcir.v7i1.3542
Published inJournal of China and International Relations
© 2019 the Author(s)
The rise of China is perhaps the most important development in world politics today. It is challenging the very foundations of the liberal international order that the Western great powers have created. Yet, as China emerges as an economic and political powerhouse with global influence, it is not at all clear what kind of a great power it will become, and what kind of a world order it sees as its ideal. Chinese official foreign policy rhetoric on the subject offers only vaguely described slogans and concepts. Another approach for studying “China’s mind” is to study China’s academic discourse on world politics and foreign relations. In this article, the academic debate around the concept of tianxia (天下. in English: all under heaven) is analyzed, in order to study the great power identities that China is constructing for itself as it prepares for a bigger role in world politics. The article argues that the “tianxia theory” is attempting to distance China from “the West” by creating a completely unique civilizational identity for China. The tianxiaist narrative argues that, because of its unique character and because of its “harmonious” and “worldly” tianxia conception of world politics, China can offer fresh and relevant alternatives for the international community. This is not only a concern for political philosophers, as the concepts of tianxia theory also seem to be influencing and inspiring the foreign policy thinking of the Chinese government. ...
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Puranen, Matti (Palgrave Macmillan, 2020)As the West struggles, China, economically and politically stable, has increased its criticism toward the Western-led international order. According to Chinese arguments, the ongoing decade has demonstrated that the Western ...
Kylmä sota osoitti kulttuuriyhteyksien merkityksen totalitarismin vastustamisessa : siksi Venäjän pakotteet tulisi rajata politiikan ja talouden piiriin Mikkonen, Simo (Toinen Aatos Oy, 2022)Venäjän hyökkäys Ukrainaan on kiihdyttänyt vuonna 2014 alkaneita puheita uudesta kylmästä sodasta. Lännen ja Venäjän nykyinen vastakkainasettelu muistuttaa kylmää sotaa, mutta siinä on myös merkittäviä eroja. Kylmän sodan ...
A research on Finnish-Chinese children’s bilingual identity through multiliteracies : a case study of Chinese heritage learners in Central Finland Li, Qingyang (2019)Research on the bilingual identity of heritage language learners is a field emerging at the turn of the 21st century. This study explored the Chinese identity and Finnish identity of a group of Chinese heritage learners ...
Puranen, Matti (Jyväskylän yliopisto, Historian ja etnologian laitoksen tutkijat ry., 2020)
Finnish Diplomats as Interpreters of Finland’s Foreign Policy 1955–1971: Question of Neutrality and Divided Germany Nissinen, Jukka (Jyväskylän yliopisto, 2019)During the Cold War, between the years 1949–1973, Finland did not recognize either one of the states of the divided Germany, the socialist German Democratic Republic (East Germany) or the democratic Federal Republic of ...