Cross-sectional associations between the diversity of sport activities and the type of low back pain in adulthood
Kaartinen, S., Aaltonen, S., Korhonen, T., Rottensteiner, M., Kujala, U. M., & Kaprio, J. (2020). Cross-sectional associations between the diversity of sport activities and the type of low back pain in adulthood. European Journal of Sport Science, 20(9), 1277-1287. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2019.1706642
Published inEuropean Journal of Sport Science
© 2020 European College of Sport Science
Leisure-time physical activity has a complex relationship with low back pain (LBP). Thus, we aimed to investigate whether the diversity of sport activities is associated with the type of LBP. In the FinnTwin16 study, 4246 (55% females) Finnish twins at mean age 34.1 years replied to a health behaviour survey in 2010-12. Based on participation in different sport activities, we created two measures of diversity: quantity (i.e., the number of sport activities: 1, 2, 3, 4, and ≥5) and quality (i.e., the type of sport activity: endurance, strength, body care, etc.). Based on the frequency, duration, and type of LBP, we created three groups: no history of LBP lasting more than one day, radiating LBP, and non-radiating LBP. The associations between the quantity and quality of sport activities and type of LBP were investigated with logistic regression analyses. Participation in ≥5 sport activities associated with less radiating and non-radiating LBP in analyses pooled across sex (odds ratio 0.46, 95% CI 0.30-0.69 and 0.66, 0.44-0.99, respectively). However, the associations attenuated after adjusting for several confounders. Participation in endurance sports was associated with less radiating (0.58, 0.43-0.76) and non-radiating (0.60, 0.44-0.81) LBP, whereas strength sports and body care only with less radiating LBP (0.76, 0.58-1.00 and 0.26, 0.09-0.74, respectively) adjusted for all sport types. On a sport-specific level, running and cycling were associated with less radiating and non-radiating LBP. In adulthood, the diversity of sport activities, particularly participation in endurance sports, may be associated with less radiating and non-radiating LBP. ...
PublisherTaylor & Francis
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- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Additional information about fundingData collection of the FinnTwin16 project has been supported by the U.S. National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism [Grant Nos. AA-12502, AA-00145 and AA-09203 to R. J. Rose], the Academy of Finland [Grant Nos. 100499, 205585 and 141054 to J.K.], the Juho Vainio Foundation, and the Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture [grants to U.M.K.]. Analyses and manuscript preparation have been supported by the Doctoral Program of Public Health, University of Helsinki [S.K.], from the Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture [S.A.], the Finnish Cultural Foundation [S.A.] and the Juho Vainio Foundation [S.A.], and the Academy of Finland [Grant Nos. 265240, 263278, 308248, 312073 to J.K.]. ...
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