Adaptive Number Knowledge in Secondary School Students : Profiles and Antecedents
McMullen, J., Kanerva, K., Lehtinen, E., Hannula-Sormunen, M. M., & Kiuru, N. (2019). Adaptive Number Knowledge in Secondary School Students : Profiles and Antecedents. Journal of Numerical Cognition, 5(3), 283-300. https://doi.org/10.5964/jnc.v5i3.201
Published inJournal of Numerical Cognition
© The Authors, 2019
The present study aims to examine inter-individual differences in adaptive number knowledge in secondary school students. Adaptive number knowledge is defined as a well-connected network of knowledge of numerical characteristics and arithmetic relations. Substantial and relevant qualitative differences in the strategies and expression of adaptive number knowledge have been found in primary school students still in the process of learning arithmetic. We present a study involving 879 seventh-grade students that examines the structure of individual differences in adaptive number knowledge with students who have completed one year of algebra instruction. Results of a latent profile analysis reveal a model that is similar than was previously found in primary school students. As well, arithmetic fluency and the development of arithmetic fluency are strong predictors of adaptive number knowledge latent profile membership. These results suggest that adaptive number knowledge may be characteristic of high-level performance extending into secondary school, even after formal instruction with arithmetic concludes. ...
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Related funder(s)Academy of Finland
Funding program(s)Academy Project, AoF
Additional information about fundingThe study was funded by Academy of Finland grant 266851 awarded to the last author. This study was also funded by Academy of Finland Grant 311080 awarded to the first author
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