Online expression and spending on personal cybersecurity
Rauhala, J., Tyrväinen, P., & Zaidenberg, N. (2019). Online expression and spending on personal cybersecurity. In T. Cruz, & P. Simoes (Eds.), ECCWS 2019 : Proceedings of the 18th European Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security (pp. 387-393). Academic Conferences International. Proceedings of the European conference on information warfare and security.
© The Author(s) 2019
The Internet is used increasingly as a platform both for free expression and e-commerce. Internet users have a variety of attitudes towards the security and privacy risks involved with using the Internet; and distinct concerns and behaviors with regard to expressing themselves online. Users may have controversial viewpoints that they may express online in various ways. Controversial viewpoints or artwork by their nature may not be as well received as positive or polite expressions. In the online environment, users with controversial viewpoints may be reluctant to express the viewpoints due to concern about possible consequences resulting from the expressions. Consequences may be imposed by individuals, groups, organizations, businesses, or nation-states. Examples of such consequences include firings, removal of forum posting privileges (“banning”), violent attacks, online stalking, and doxing. Users may also have different attitudes towards personal spending of money for cybersecurity products and services. Factors such as concern about the risks associated with free expression online may impact their attitudes towards spending for personal cybersecurity. We perform a factor analysis on survey data. Our goal is to establish variables for expression reluctance, and attitude towards personal cybersecurity purchasing. The positive attitude toward spending on personal cybersecurity, as a factor, includes reported activity of purchasing cybersecurity products or services, and an overall generally positive attitude toward the purchasing of such products or services. We propose a research model that enables an analysis of the relationship between the reluctance to make controversial expressions online and a positive attitude toward spending money on personal cybersecurity products and services. We perform a correlation analysis between the factors. Results indicate that there is a correlation between users’ reluctance to express controversial messages online, and a positive attitude towards spending money on personal cybersecurity. Future work will include additional analyses, including the effects of various demographic factors. ...
PublisherAcademic Conferences International
Parent publication ISBN978-1-912764-28-0
ConferenceEuropean Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security
Is part of publicationECCWS 2019 : Proceedings of the 18th European Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security
ISSN Search the Publication Forum2048-8602
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Online Expression, Personal Cybersecurity Costs, and the Specter of Cybercrime Rauhala, Juhani; Tyrväinen, Pasi; Zaidenberg, Nezer (IGI Global, 2020)The internet is used increasingly as a platform both for free expression and e-commerce. The internet has unique security and privacy risks. Such risks include the threat of criminal cyberattacks, including hacking and ...
Time, Money, and Freedom – The Costs of Internet Users’ Privacy and Security Concerns Rauhala, Juhani (2021)Internet users with controversial viewpoints may be hesitant to voice their opinions online because they are concerned about consequences that could be inflicted by various entities. Firings, bans from social media, and ...
Information sharing in the era of social media Jin, Xueyu (University of Jyväskylä, 2016)Social media has become ubiquitous in just a few years. Their success depends on users’ willingness to continue investing their time and attention in this media and share their knowledge with each other in the absence of ...
CCTV-Exposure: System for Measuring User’s Privacy Exposure to CCTV Cameras Turtiainen, Hannu; Costin, Andrei; Hämäläinen, Timo (Springer International Publishing, 2022)In this work, we present CCTV-Exposure – the first CCTV-aware solution to evaluate potential privacy exposure to closed-circuit television (CCTV) cameras. The objective was to develop a toolset for quantifying human exposure ...
Information Security Risk Assessments following Cybersecurity Breaches : The Mediating Role of Top Management Attention to Cybersecurity Shaikh, Faheem Ahmed; Siponen, Mikko (Elsevier, 2023)Information Systems (IS) research on managerial response to cybersecurity breaches has largely focused on externally oriented actions such as customer redressal and crisis response. Within the firm itself, a breach may be ...