Effects of Water Immersion Methods on Postexercise Recovery of Physical and Mental Performance
Ahokas, E., Ihalainen, J., Kyröläinen, H., & Mero, A. (2019). Effects of Water Immersion Methods on Postexercise Recovery of Physical and Mental Performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 33(6), 1488-1495. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003134
Published inJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research
© 2019 by the National Strength
The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of 3 water immersion interventions performed after active recovery compared with active recovery only on physical and mental performance measures and physiological responses. The subjects were physically active men (age 20–35 years, mean ± SD 26 ± 3.7 years). All subjects performed a short-term exercise protocol, including maximal jumps and sprinting. Four different recovery methods (10 minutes) were used in random order: cold water immersion (CWI, 10° C), thermoneutral water immersion (TWI, 24° C), and contrast water therapy (CWT, alternately 10° C and 38° C). All these methods were performed after an active recovery (10-minute bicycle ergometer; heart rate [HR] 120–140 b·min−1, 60–73% from age-calculated maximum HR), and the fourth method was active recovery (ACT) only. Within 96 hours after exercise bouts, recovery was assessed through a 30-m maximal sprint test, maximal countermovement jump (CMJ), self-perceived muscle soreness and relaxation questionnaires, and blood lactate, creatine kinase, testosterone, cortisol, and catecholamine levels. The self-perceived feeling of relaxation after 60-minute recovery was better (p < 0.05) after CWI and CWT than ACT and TWI. Statistically significant differences were not observed between the recovery methods in any other marker. In the 30-m sprint test, however, slower running time was found in ACT (p < 0.001) and CWT (p = 0.005), and reduced CMJ results (p < 0.05) were found in ACT when the results were compared with baseline values. Based on these findings, it can be concluded that CWI and CWT improve the acute feeling of relaxation that can play a positive role in athletes' performance and well-being. ...
PublisherLippincott Williams & Wilkins
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
The Effects of Cold Water Immersion on the Recovery of Drop Jump Performance and Mechanics : A Pilot Study in Under-20 Soccer Players Kositsky, Adam; Avela, Janne (Frontiers Media, 2020)Cold water immersion (CWI) is a popular method used for enhancing recovery from exercise. However, the efficacy of this approach is inconclusive and studies investigating variables contributing to overall performance are ...
Ahokas, Essi (2017)Johdanto. Palautuminen on tärkeää erityisesti urheilijoiden harjoittelun ja kilpailujen yhteydessä. Sitä tapahtuu harjoituksen tai kilpailun aikana, välittömästi harjoituksen tai kilpailun jälkeen ja pitkäkestoisena ...
Water immersion methods do not alter muscle damage and inflammation biomarkers after high-intensity sprinting and jumping exercise Ahokas, Essi K.; Kyröläinen, Heikki; Mero, Antti; Walker, Simon; Hanstock, Helen G.; Ihalainen, Johanna K. (Springer, 2020)Purpose The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of three water immersion interventions performed after active recovery compared to active recovery only on the resolution of inflammation and markers of muscle ...
Cold-water immersion combined with active recovery is equally as effective as active recovery during 10 weeks of high-intensity combined strength and endurance training in men Taipale, Ritva S.; Ihalainen, Johanna K.; Jones, Phillip J.; Mero, Antti A.; Häkkinen, Keijo; Kyröläinen, Heikki (Sciendo; University of Physical Education, Warsaw, 2019)Study aim: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of cold-water immersion (CWI) vs. active recovery performed after each individual strength and endurance training session over a 10-week period of high-intensity ...
The effects of cold water immersion on medial gastrocnemius muscle architecture and performance post-exhaustive stretch-shortening cycle exercise Kositsky, Adam (2017)Cold water immersion (CWI) is a method highly used in the recovery from fatiguing exercise yet its efficacy is debated. It has been proposed that the resultant suppressed inflammation decreases pain and muscle soreness and ...