Tapping Doesn't Help : Synchronized Self-Motion and Judgments of Musical Tempo
London, J., Thompson, M., Burger, B., Hildreth, M., & Toiviainen, P. (2019). Tapping Doesn't Help : Synchronized Self-Motion and Judgments of Musical Tempo. Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics, 81(7), 2461-2472. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13414-019-01722-7
Published inAttention, Perception, and Psychophysics
© 2019 The Authors
For both musicians and music psychologists, beat rate (BPM) has often been regarded as a transparent measure of musical speed or tempo, yet recent research has shown that tempo is more than just BPM. In a previous study, London, Burger, Thompson, and Toiviainen (Acta Psychologica, 164, 70–80, 2016) presented participants with original as well as “time-stretched” versions of classic R&B songs; time stretching slows down or speeds up a recording without changing its pitch or timbre. In that study we discovered a tempo anchoring effect (TAE): Although relative tempo judgments (original vs. time-stretched versions of the same song) were correct, they were at odds with BPM rates of each stimulus. As previous studies have shown that synchronous movement enhances rhythm perception, we hypothesized that tapping along to the beat of these songs would reduce or eliminate the TAE and increase the salience of the beat rate of each stimulus. In the current study participants were presented with the London et al. (Acta Psychologica, 164, 70–80, 2016) stimuli in nonmovement and movement conditions. We found that although participants were able to make BPM-based tempo judgments of generic drumming patterns, and were able to tap along to the R&B stimuli at the correct beat rates, the TAE persisted in both movement and nonmovement conditions. Thus, contrary to our hypothesis that movement would reduce or eliminate the TAE, we found a disjunction between correctly synchronized motor behavior and tempo judgment. The implications of the tapping–TAE dissociation in the broader context of tempo and rhythm perception are discussed, and further approaches to studying the TAE–tapping dissociation are suggested. ...
PublisherSpringer; Psychonomic Society
Publication in research information system
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Related funder(s)Academy of Finland
Funding program(s)Research post as Academy Professor, AoF
Additional information about fundingThis research was supported by a Finnish Core Fulbright Scholar grant to author J.L., and by an Academy of Finland grant (project ““Dynamics of Music Cognition,”“ project numbers 272250, 274037) to authors P.T., B.B., and M.T.
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