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dc.contributor.authorTarkka, Ina. M.
dc.contributor.authorHautasaari, Pekka
dc.contributor.authorPesonen, Heidi
dc.contributor.authorNiskanen, Eini
dc.contributor.authorRottensteiner, Mirva
dc.contributor.authorKaprio, Jaakko
dc.contributor.authorSavić, Andrej M.
dc.contributor.authorKujala, Urho M.
dc.date.accessioned2019-10-16T09:37:13Z
dc.date.available2019-10-16T09:37:13Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.citationTarkka, Ina. M.; Hautasaari, Pekka; Pesonen, Heidi; Niskanen, Eini; Rottensteiner, Mirva; Kaprio, Jaakko; Savić, Andrej M.; Kujala, Urho M. (2019). Long-Term Physical Activity May Modify Brain Structure and Function : Studies in Young Healthy Twins. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 16 (8), 637-643. DOI: 10.1123/jpah.2018-0416
dc.identifier.otherCONVID_32172025
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/65898
dc.description.abstractBackground: Physical activity (PA) is said to be beneficial to many bodily functions. However, the effects of PA in the brain are still inadequately known. The authors aimed to uncover possible brain modulation linked with PA. Here, they combine 4 of their studies with monozygotic twins, who were within-pair discordant in PA for a minimum of 1 year. Methods: The authors performed brain imaging, brain electrophysiology, and cardiovascular and body composition assessments, and collected questionnaire-based data. The present synopsis elucidates the differences associated with differing PA history in conditions without genetic variability. They present new structural and electrophysiological results. Participants, healthy, 45 male monozygotic twins (mean age 34.5 [1.5] y) differed in aerobic capacity and fat percentage (P < .001). Results: More active co-twins showed larger gray matter volumes in striatal, prefrontal, and hippocampal regions, and smaller gray matter volumes in the anterior cingulate area than less active co-twins. Functionally, visual and somatosensory automatic change detection processes differed between more and less active co-twins. Conclusions: In monozygotic twins, who differed in their PA history, differences were observed in identifiable anatomic brain locations involved with motor control and memory functions, as well as in electrophysiological measures detecting brain’s automatic processes. Better aerobic capacity may modify brain morphology and sensory function.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.languageeng
dc.publisherHuman Kinetics, Inc.
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJournal of Physical Activity and Health
dc.rightsIn Copyright
dc.subject.otherneuroscience
dc.subject.otherneurophysiology
dc.subject.otherhealth disparities
dc.titleLong-Term Physical Activity May Modify Brain Structure and Function : Studies in Young Healthy Twins
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-201910164476
dc.contributor.laitosLiikuntatieteellinen tiedekuntafi
dc.contributor.laitosFaculty of Sport and Health Sciencesen
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.format.pagerange637-643
dc.relation.issn1543-3080
dc.relation.numberinseries8
dc.relation.volume16
dc.type.versionacceptedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© 2019 Human Kinetics, Inc.
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.relation.grantnumberOKM/39/626/2015
dc.subject.ysoneurofysiologia
dc.subject.ysoneurotieteet
dc.subject.ysoterveyserot
dc.format.contentfulltext
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p2316
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p18502
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p21679
dc.rights.urlhttp://rightsstatements.org/page/InC/1.0/?language=en
dc.relation.doi10.1123/jpah.2018-0416
dc.relation.funderOpetus- ja kulttuuriministeriöfi
dc.relation.funderMinistry of Education and Cultureen
jyx.fundingprogramMuutfi
jyx.fundingprogramOthersen
jyx.fundinginformationThe authors would like to thank the participants of the study and the personnel at the Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences and Department of Psychology, University of Jyväskylä, for their help during data collection. This work was supported by the Ministry of Education and Culture, Helsinki, Finland, Meta-Predict (within the European Union Seventh Framework Program, Health-F2-2012-277936) and Juho Vainio Foundation, Helsinki, Finland. The FinnTwin16 cohort study data collection has been supported by the National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism and the Academy of Finland. The funding agencies had no role in the interpretation of the data or writing this report. The authors report no conflict of interest.


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