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dc.contributor.authorAaltonen, Sari
dc.contributor.authorLatvala, Antti
dc.contributor.authorJelenkovic, Aline
dc.contributor.authorRose, Richard J.
dc.contributor.authorKujala, Urho M.
dc.contributor.authorKaprio, Jaakko
dc.contributor.authorSilventoinen, Karri
dc.date.accessioned2019-08-26T06:09:01Z
dc.date.available2019-08-26T06:09:01Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.citationAaltonen, Sari; Latvala, Antti; Jelenkovic, Aline; Rose, Richard J.; Kujala, Urho M.; Kaprio, Jaakko; Silventoinen, Karri (2020). Physical Activity and Academic Performance : Genetic and Environmental Associations. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 52 (2), 381-390. DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000002124
dc.identifier.otherCONVID_32472041
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/65297
dc.description.abstractIntroduction. Physical activity and academic performance are believed to be associated. Though both traits are partially heritable, it remains unclear whether these traits also share a genetic and/or environmental background in common. We aimed to examine to what extent leisure-time physical activity and academic performance share genetic and environmental effects from early adolescence to young adulthood. Methods. Participants were Finnish twins (2543–2693 individuals/study wave) who reported their leisure-time physical activity at ages 12, 14, 17 and 24. Academic performance was assessed with teacher-reported grade point averages at ages 12 and 14 and by self-reported educational levels at ages 17 and 24. Bivariate quantitative genetic modeling at each age and between different ages was performed to decompose the trait correlation between academic performance and physical activity into genetic and environmental components. Results. The trait correlations between leisure-time physical activity and academic performance were positive, but modest at most (rtrait=0.08–0.22 in males, and 0.07–0.18 in females). The genetic correlations between leisure-time physical activity and academic performance were higher than the trait correlations (rA=0.17–0.43 in males, and 0.15–0.25 in females). Common genetic influences explained 43–100% of the trait correlations. Environmental influences shared by co-twins between leisure-time physical activity and academic performance were also correlated (rC=0.27–0.54 in males, and 0.21–0.69 in females) explaining 41–100% of the trait correlations. Unique environmental influences were correlated only in females (rE=0.10–0.15). Conclusion. Both common genetic background and shared family environment (i.e., familial background) partially account for the associations observed between leisure-time physical activity and academic performance. However, the estimates vary in magnitude by age.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.languageeng
dc.publisherLippincott Williams & Wilkins
dc.relation.ispartofseriesMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
dc.rightsIn Copyright
dc.subject.otheracademic achievement
dc.subject.othereducational attainment
dc.subject.otherexercise
dc.subject.otherlongitudinal
dc.subject.otherquantitative genetics
dc.subject.othertwins
dc.titlePhysical Activity and Academic Performance : Genetic and Environmental Associations
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-201908263897
dc.contributor.laitosLiikuntatieteellinen tiedekuntafi
dc.contributor.laitosFaculty of Sport and Health Sciencesen
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.format.pagerange381-390
dc.relation.issn0195-9131
dc.relation.numberinseries2
dc.relation.volume52
dc.type.versionacceptedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© 2019 by the American College of Sports Medicine
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.relation.grantnumberOKM/39/626/2015
dc.subject.ysokoulutustaso
dc.subject.ysoliikunta
dc.subject.ysokaksostutkimus
dc.subject.ysokvantitatiivinen genetiikka
dc.subject.ysoopintomenestys
dc.subject.ysofyysinen aktiivisuus
dc.format.contentfulltext
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p12157
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p916
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p18525
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p12523
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p8586
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p23102
dc.rights.urlhttp://rightsstatements.org/page/InC/1.0/?language=en
dc.relation.doi10.1249/MSS.0000000000002124
dc.relation.funderOpetus- ja kulttuuriministeriöfi
dc.relation.funderMinistry of Education and Cultureen
jyx.fundingprogramMuutfi
jyx.fundingprogramOthersen
jyx.fundinginformationThe research work has been supported by the Academy of Finland (grant 266592 to S.A., A.J. and K.S., grant 277209 to A.L. and grants 100499, 205585, 141054, 265240, 263278 and 264146 to J.K.), the Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture (to S.A., U.M.K. and K.S.), the Juho Vainio Foundation (to S.A., U.M.K. and K.S.), and the Finnish Cultural Foundation (to S.A.). Data collection of the FinnTwin12 study has also been supported by the U.S. National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (grants AA-12502, AA-00145 and AA-09203 to R.J.R.).


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