Association of tenacious goal pursuit and flexible goal adjustment with out-of-home mobility among community-dwelling older people
Siltanen, S., Rantanen, T., Portegijs, E., Tourunen, A., Poranen-Clark, T., Eronen, J., & Saajanaho, M. (2019). Association of tenacious goal pursuit and flexible goal adjustment with out-of-home mobility among community-dwelling older people. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, 31 (9), 1249-1256. doi:10.1007/s40520-018-1074-y
Published inAging Clinical and Experimental Research
DisciplineGerontologia ja kansanterveys
© The Author(s) 2018
Background: As people age, functional losses may limit the potential to get outside the home and participate in desired activities and community life. Coping with age-related losses has been reported to be important for psychological well-being. Hitherto is not known whether active use of coping strategies also helps maintain out-of-home mobility. Aims: We investigated how two coping strategies, tenacious goal pursuit (TGP; persistency in reaching one’s goals) and flexible goal adjustment (FGA; adjusting one’s goals to changed circumstances), are associated with life-space mobility and perceived autonomy in participation outdoors among community-dwelling older people. Methods: Participants (n=186) were aged 79–93 years. TGP and FGA were self-reported using separate scales. Perceived autonomy in participation was assessed with the Impact on Participation and Autonomy Outdoors-subscale, and life-space mobility with the Life-Space Assessment. Two-step cluster analysis was used to create data-driven coping profiles of TGP and FGA. Results: General linear model analyses showed that the profile including highly tenacious and flexible older people had the highest life-space mobility and perceived autonomy outdoors, whereas the profile including people with low TGP and low FGA showed the lowest scores. Depressive symptoms attenuated the associations. Conclusions: Active use of both TGP and FGA is favorable for out-of-home mobility and enables more active participation in society in later life. ...
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