Recovery from sauna bathing favorably modulates cardiac autonomic nervous system
Laukkanen, T., Lipponen, J., Kunutsor, S. K., Zaccardi, F., Araújo, C. G. S., Mäkikallio, T. H., Khan, H., Willeit, P., Lee, E., Poikonen, S., Tarvainen, M., & Laukkanen, J. (2019). Recovery from sauna bathing favorably modulates cardiac autonomic nervous system. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 45, 190-197. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctim.2019.06.011
Published inComplementary Therapies in Medicine
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd.
Objective Sauna bathing is becoming a common activity in many countries and it has been linked to favorable health outcomes. However, there is limited data on the heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV) responses to an acute sauna exposure. Design We conducted a single-group, longitudinal study utilizing a pre-post design to examine acute effects of sauna bathing on the autonomic nervous system as reflected by HRV. A total of 93 participants (mean [SD] age: 52.0 [8.8] years, 53.8% males) with cardiovascular risk factors were exposed to a single sauna session (duration: 30 min; temperature: 73 °C; humidity: 10–20%) and data on HRV variables were collected before, during and after sauna. Results Time and frequency-domain HRV variables were significantly modified (p < 0.001) by the single sauna session, with most of HRV variables tending to return near to baseline values after 30 min recovery. Resting HR was lower at the end of recovery (68/min) compared to pre-sauna (77/min). A sauna session transiently diminished the vagal component, whereas the cooling down period after sauna decreased low frequency power (p < 0.001) and increased high frequency power in HRV (p < 0.001), favorably modulating the autonomic nervous system balance. Conclusions This study demonstrates that a session of sauna bathing induces an increase in HR. During the cooling down period from sauna bathing, HRV increased which indicates the dominant role of parasympathetic activity and decreased sympathetic activity of cardiac autonomic nervous system. Future randomized controlled studies are needed to show if HR and HRV changes underpins the long-term cardiovascular effects induced by regular sauna bathing. ...
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Karolaakso, Tino; Lampinen, Elina (2014)Vaikka ihmisten fysiologia on ollut tutkijoiden kiinnostuksen kohteena psykologiassa jo pitkään, psykofysiologisia reaktioita pariterapiassa ei ole vielä tutkittu. Tässä tutkimuksessa tutkittiin neljää pariskuntaa ...
Karvonen, Anu (University of Jyväskylä, 2017)Synchrony, or the moment-by-moment coordination between people in social situations, has been connected with increased liking and rapport. However, this type of synchrony is an underexplored area with regard to autonomic ...
Araujo, Claudio Gil; Laukkanen, Jari Antero (Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia, 2019)
Associations of physical activity, sedentary time, and cardiorespiratory fitness with heart rate variability in 6- to 9-year-old children : the PANIC study Veijalainen, Aapo; Haapala, Eero A.; Väistö, Juuso; Leppänen, Marja H.; Lintu, Niina; Tompuri, Tuomo; Seppälä, Santeri; Ekelund, Ulf; Tarvainen, Mika P.; Westgate, Kate; Brage, Søren; Lakka, Timo A. (Springer, 2019)Purpose. To study the associations of physical activity (PA), sedentary time (ST), and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) with heart rate variability (HRV) in children. Methods. The participants were a population sample ...
Associations of cardiometabolic risk factors with heart rate variability in 6‐ to 8‐year‐old children : The PANIC Study Leppänen, Marja H.; Haapala, Eero A.; Veijalainen, Aapo; Seppälä, Santeri; Oliveira, Ricardo S.; Lintu, Niina; Laitinen, Tomi; Tarvainen, Mika P.; Lakka, Timo A. (John Wiley & Sons, 2020)Background Associations of cardiometabolic risk factors with heart rate variability (HRV) in children are unclear. We examined associations of cardiometabolic risk score (CRS) and individual cardiometabolic risk factors ...