Is physical activity a cause of longevity? It is not as straightforward as some would believe : A critical analysis
Kujala, U. (2018). Is physical activity a cause of longevity? It is not as straightforward as some would believe : A critical analysis. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 52(14), 914-918. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2017-098639
Published inBritish Journal of Sports Medicine
© Kujala, 2018
There are discrepant findings between (A) observational follow-ups and (B) interventional studies that investigate possible causal association between high physical activity and low mortality. Participation in vigorous physical activity at a specific time-point is an indicator of good fitness and health, and is associated with a reduced risk of death. However, neither randomised controlled trials nor experimental animal studies have provided conclusive evidence to show that physical activity started during adulthood extends lifespan. Consequently, the undisputed health-related benefits of exercise have yet to translate into any proven causal relationship with longevity. Physical activity improves fitness and physical function, and confers other health-related effects. These outcomes have a greater basis in evidence-based data than any claims of a reduced risk of death, especially when recommending physical activity for previously physically inactive middle-aged and elderly adults.
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Kujala, Urho (Liikuntatieteellinen Seura ry, 2018)Havainnoivien seurantatutkimusten mukaan runsas vapaa-ajan liikunnanharrastus on yhteydessä alempaan ennenaikaisen kuoleman riskiin. Syy-seuraus -suhdetta ei kuitenkaan ole pystytty varmistamaan satunnaistetuissa ...
Relationships of leisure-time physical activity and work ability between different occupational physical demands in adult working men Päivärinne, Ville; Kautiainen, Hannu; Heinonen, Ari; Kiviranta, Ilkka (Springer, 2019)Purpose: Leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) is known to be associated with positive health benefits, but the role of occupational physical demands remains inconsistent. The purpose of the current study was to assess ...
Perceived Opportunities for Physical Activity and Willingness to Be More Active in Older Adults with Different Physical Activity Levels Aartolahti, Eeva; Eronen, Johanna; Törmäkangas, Timo; Rantanen, Taina; Hirvensalo, Mirja; Palmberg, Lotta; Skantz, Heidi; Viljanen, Anne; Portegijs, Erja; Iwarsson, Susanne; Rantakokko, Merja (MDPI AG, 2021)This study examined equity in physical activity (PA) by investigating whether perceived opportunity for PA was associated with willingness to be more active. Among community residents (75, 80, or 85 years old, n = 962) ...
Effects of physical activity, specific exercise and traumatic brain injury on motor abilities : theoretical and pragmatic assessment Rinne, Marjo (University of Jyväskylä, 2010)
Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Associations between Leisure Time Physical Activity, Mental Well-Being and Subjective Health in Middle Adulthood Kekäläinen, Tiia; Freund, Alexandra M.; Sipilä, Sarianna; Kokko, Katja (Springer Netherlands, 2020)Previous studies have shown that participation in leisure time physical activity is related to better mental well-being and subjective health. However, the associations between different types of leisure time physical ...