Maternal Parenting Styles and Glycemic Control in Children with Type 1 Diabetes
Hannonen, R., Aunola, K., Eklund, K., & Ahonen, T. (2019). Maternal Parenting Styles and Glycemic Control in Children with Type 1 Diabetes. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16 (2), 214. doi:10.3390/ijerph16020214
© 2019 by the authors.
The purpose of this study is to examine differences in parenting styles between mothers of children with type 1 diabetes and mothers of healthy children and to explore relationships between parenting styles and glycemic control of children with diabetes. Mothers of 63 children with diabetes and mothers of 83 children without diabetes reported their parenting styles using the Blocks’ Child Rearing Practices Report, when their child was 9–10 years old. Glycemic control of the children with diabetes was evaluated 1 year after diagnosis (<6 years of age) and at the time of the study (at 9–10 years). Mothers of children with diabetes used more psychological control than mothers of healthy children. Among girls with diabetes, poorer early glycemic control was associated with mothers’ subsequent greater use of psychological control. Behavioral control was positively associated with poorer current glycemic control. In boys, psychological control was positively associated with poorer current glycemic control. Psychological control in families with diabetes needs attention, because it has shown to be associated with poorer diabetes care. ...