Biodiversity and ecosystem services in Europe and Central Asia – status, trends and future scenarios
Visconti, P. (2018). Biodiversity and ecosystem services in Europe and Central Asia – status, trends and future scenarios. 5th European Congress of Conservation Biology. doi: 10.17011/conference/eccb2018/107862
© the Authors, 2018
The Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), a science-policy platform administered by the United Nations Environment Programme, at its third plenary in January 2015, in Bonn, requested the undertaking of a set of regional and sub-regional assessments of biodiversity and ecosystem services. These assessments aim to synthesize the body of scientific, indigenous and local knowledge on status and trends of biodiversity and ecosystem services, direct and indirect drivers of change, alternative future scenarios, and key challenges and opportunities for achieving Sustainable Development Goals in each region. The Europe and Central Asia assessment (ECA) is expected to inform several international environmental agreements by providing the science-base underpinning all environmental policies in the region in the near-future. In this talk I will illustrate the main trends across taxa, habitats and regions and the main past drivers of biodiversity change. We found strong evidence for long-term and ongoing declines in extent and condition of habitats and species conservation status across all realms, with exceptionally high rates in the freshwater realm where wetlands across Europe and Central Asia have declined by 60% from 1970, and 71% of fish and 60% of amphibians with known population trends are declining. However, conservation efforts have shown the potential to reverse negative species trends, for instance the bird taxa breeding in the EU and in Annex I of the European Union Birds Directive have in have better population trends than the average and several species that attracted conservation interests have improved their prognosis. ...
PublisherOpen Science Centre, University of Jyväskylä
ConferenceECCB2018: 5th European Congress of Conservation Biology. 12th - 15th of June 2018, Jyväskylä, Finland
MetadataShow full item record
- ECCB 2018 
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Long-term impacts of increased timber harvests on ecosystem services and biodiversity : A scenario study based on national forest inventory data Blattert, Clemens; Lemm, Renato; Thürig, Esther; Stadelmann, Golo; Brändli, Urs-Beat; Temperli, Christian (Elsevier BV, 2020)The transition to a climate-neutral economy is expected to increase future timber demands and endanger the multifunctionality of forests. National scenario analyses are needed to determine long-term forest management impacts ...
Important Insights of the IPBES Regional Assessment on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services for Europe and Central Asia Fischer, Markus (Open Science Centre, University of Jyväskylä, 2018)Based on requests of IPBES member governments this assessment was elaborated by a team of more than 120 authors from 2015 to 2018. It shows, based on about 4000 sources, that nature provides broader contributions to people ...
Trade-offs between ecosystem service provision and the predisposition to disturbances : a NFI-based scenario analysis Temperli, Christian; Blattert, Clemens; Stadelmann, Golo; Brändli, Urs-Beat; Thürig, Esther (Springer, 2020)Background Scenario analyses that evaluate management effects on the long-term provision and sustainability of forest ecosystem services and biodiversity (ESB) also need to account for disturbances. The objectives of this ...
Lemiakina, Aida (Open Science Centre, University of Jyväskylä, 2018)Central Asia is a vast region that includes unique and diverse ecosystems. Currently Central Asian countries are facing serious challenges in the area of environmental sustainability, including water security, deforestation, ...
Ecosystem services and assessment of the soil biological activity exemplified by the mountain chernozem soils of the Central Caucasus Tembotov, Rustam (Open Science Centre, University of Jyväskylä, 2018)Different subtypes of mountain chernozem soils (total area 845 km2) of Kabardino-Balkar Republic formed at a height range of over 500 m a.s.l. within the elbrusskiy variant of vertical zones distribution of the Central ...