A systematic map of biodiversity impacts of active forest management relevant to protected areas
Bernes, C., Jonsson, B. G., Junninen, K., Löhmus, A., Macdonald, E., Müller, J. and Sandström, J. (2018). A systematic map of biodiversity impacts of active forest management relevant to protected areas. 5th European Congress of Conservation Biology. doi: 10.17011/conference/eccb2018/107585
© the Authors, 2018
The biodiversity of forests set aside from forestry is often considered best preserved by non-intervention. In many protected forests, however, remaining biodiversity values are legacies of past disturbances, e.g. recurring fires, grazing or small-scale felling. These forests may need active management to keep the characteristics that were the reason for setting them aside. As a first step towards a more complete synthesis, we compiled a systematic map of impacts of interventions that could be useful for conserving or restoring biodiversity in boreal and temperate forests (1). Such a map gives an overview of the evidence base by providing a database with descriptions of relevant studies, but it does not synthesise reported results (2). Searches for literature were made using online publication databases, search engines, specialist websites and literature reviews. We searched not only for studies of interventions in actual forest set-asides, but also for appropriate evidence from commercially managed forests, since some practices applied there may be useful for conservation or restoration purposes too. The 798 articles found to be relevant included 812 individual studies, all of which were described in an interactive GIS application. Almost two thirds of the studies were conducted in North America, whereas most of the rest were performed in Europe. Of the European studies, 58% were conducted in Finland or Sweden. The interventions most commonly studied were partial harvesting, prescribed burning, thinning, and manipulation of grazing. The impacts most frequently reported were effects on trees, other vascular plants, dead wood, vertical stand structure and birds. Outcomes included e.g. abundance, species richness, diversity indices, and community composition based on ordinations. The systematic map identified a wealth of evidence on impacts of active management practices that could be utilised to conserve or restore biodiversity in forest set-asides. As such, it should be of value to e.g. conservation managers, researchers and policymakers. Moreover, since the map also highlighted important knowledge gaps, it could inspire new primary research on topics that have so far not been well covered. Finally, it provided a foundation for systematic reviews on specific subtopics. Based on our map of the evidence, we identified four subtopics that were sufficiently covered by existing studies to allow full systematic reviewing. Three of the subtopics have now been subject to such reviews. (1) Bernes, C., et al. 2015: “What is the impact of active management on biodiversity in boreal and temperate forests set aside for conservation or restoration? A systematic map.” Environmental Evidence 4:25 (2) Haddaway, N.R., et al. 2016: “The benefits of systematic mapping to evidence-based environmental management.” Ambio 45, 613-620 ...
PublisherOpen Science Centre, University of Jyväskylä
ConferenceECCB2018: 5th European Congress of Conservation Biology. 12th - 15th of June 2018, Jyväskylä, Finland
MetadataShow full item record
- ECCB 2018 
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Do small protected habitat patches within boreal production forests provide value for biodiversity conservation? : A systematic review protocol Häkkilä, Matti; Savilaakso, Sini; Johansson, Anna; Sandgren, Terhi; Uusitalo, Anne; Mönkkönen, Mikko; Puttonen, Pasi (BioMed Central Ltd., 2019)Background Forest harvesting is the main driver of habitat degradation and biodiversity loss in forests of the boreal zone. To mitigate harmful effects, small-scale habitats with high biodiversity values have been protected ...
What are the effects of even-aged and uneven-aged forest management on boreal forest biodiversity in Fennoscandia and European Russia? : A systematic review protocol Savilaakso, Sini; Häkkilä, Matti; Johansson, Anna; Uusitalo, Anne; Sandgren, Terhi; Mönkkönen, Mikko; Puttonen, Pasi (BioMed Central Ltd., 2019)Background: Biodiversity is vital for human well-being, but is threatened by human actions world-wide. In the boreal zone, harvesting and management of forests on an industrial scale is the most important factor driving ...
What are the effects of even-aged and uneven-aged forest management on boreal forest biodiversity in Fennoscandia and European Russia? A systematic review Savilaakso, Sini; Johansson, Anna; Häkkilä, Matti; Uusitalo, Anne; Sandgren, Terhi; Mönkkönen, Mikko; Puttonen, Pasi (BioMed Central, 2021)Background Forest harvesting changes forest habitat and impacts forest dependent species. Uneven-aged management is often considered better for biodiversity than even-aged management, but there is an ongoing discourse ...
Impact of Conservation Policies on Households’ Deforestation Decisions in Protected and Open-Access Forests : Cases of Moribane Forest Reserve and Serra Chôa, Mozambique Massinga, Jadwiga; Lisboa, Sá Nogueira; Virtanen, Pekka; Sitoe, Almeida (Frontiers Media SA, 2022)Tropical deforestation is considered a global priority due to its environmental, social, and economic impacts at international, national, and household levels. Conservation policies constitute one of the pathways to reverse ...
Are small protected habitat patches within boreal production forests effective in conserving species richness, abundance and community composition? : a systematic review Häkkilä, Matti; Johansson, Anna; Sandgren, Terhi; Uusitalo, Anne; Mönkkönen, Mikko; Puttonen, Pasi; Savilaakso, Sini (BioMed Central, 2021)Background: In boreal zone forest management is changing and degrading forest habitats, which has caused declines in biodiversity. To mitigate these harmful effects in production forests, small-scale habitats with high ...