Predicting the impact of climate change: genomic measures of local adaptation in the Near Eastern Fire Salamander (Salamandra infraimmaculata)
Rovelli, V., Pezaro, N., Segev, O., Blank, L., Sinai, I., Merilä, J., Krugman, T., Nolte, A., Templeton, A. and Blaustein, L. (2018). Predicting the impact of climate change: genomic measures of local adaptation in the Near Eastern Fire Salamander (Salamandra infraimmaculata). 5th European Congress of Conservation Biology. doi: 10.17011/conference/eccb2018/107441
© the Authors, 2018
The Near Eastern fire salamander (Salamandra infraimmaculata) is an endangered species in Israel and the Israeli populations occupy the southernmost, and most xeric habitats of the Salamandra genus worldwide. Due to its geographic distribution, restricted to a typical Mediterranean region, S. infraimmaculata is potentially vulnerable to strong environmental changes, such as an increase in temperature or a decrease in the water level. One main problem is that rates of climate change often exceed the rate at which many species can shift their range to find new suitable conditions, and therefore species survival will depend on phenotypic plasticity or adaptive capacity. Although species persistence and local adaptation are directly related to genetic diversity, most of the studies about climate change usually ignore genetic effects on species persistence. In our study we use a Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment to identify the most vulnerable populations of S. infraimmaculata in Israel, to prioritize conservation efforts and resources. We use population specific information on exposure, sensitivity and adaptability from 18 populations of S. infraimmaculata, incorporating estimates of adaptive potential and local adaptation. Since temperature is a parameter that affects almost every aspect of development and metabolism, we choose to estimate exposure to temperature for both larvae (data collected in the field during the whole reproductive period, November-May) and adults (data obtained from Movebank). We assess the physiological sensitivity by using the thermal development optimum (growth curves), critical thermal maximum (CTmax) and acclimation capacity values, that we experimentally obtained. To estimate the potential for each population to tolerate or adapt to climate change, we estimate the demographic adaptive capacity as number of populations and local abundance. We measure the genetic adaptive capacity using allelic richness (estimated from microsatellite data) and we are testing the different populations for local adaptation. Mapping RNA sequencing reads against the available transcriptomes for S. infraimmaculata, we look for SNPs in genes that can be important for local adaptation processes, such as genes involved in oxygen response, growth or development, energy metabolism, etc. We found about 2000 SNPs for one geographic region, and the analyses for the other regions are in progress. The identification of outlier SNPs in some populations can reveal a signal of local adaptation and shed light on the relationships of the genes involved in the adaptation process to specific environmental features. Combining exhaustive information about ecology and genetics for each population will be integral for guiding local conservation management in the most efficient way. ...
PublisherOpen Science Centre, University of Jyväskylä
ConferenceECCB2018: 5th European Congress of Conservation Biology. 12th - 15th of June 2018, Jyväskylä, Finland
MetadataShow full item record
- ECCB 2018 
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