Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorRanius, Thomas
dc.contributor.authorHämäläinen, Aino
dc.contributor.authorEgnell, Gustaf
dc.contributor.authorOlsson, Bengt
dc.contributor.authorEklöf, Karin
dc.contributor.authorStendahl, Johan
dc.contributor.authorRudolphi, Jörgen
dc.contributor.authorSténs, Anna
dc.contributor.authorFelton, Adam
dc.identifier.citationRanius, T., Hämäläinen, A., Egnell, G., Olsson, B., Eklöf, K., Stendahl, J., Rudolphi, J., Sténs, A. and Felton, A. (2018). The effects of logging residue extraction for energy on ecosystem services and biodiversity: a synthesis. 5th European Congress of Conservation Biology. doi: 10.17011/conference/eccb2018/107245
dc.description.abstractThis presentation is based on a paper in press in Journal of Environmental Management. We review the consequences for biodiversity and ecosystem services from the industrial-scale extraction of logging residues (tops, branches and stumps from harvested trees and small-diameter trees from thinnings) in managed forests. Logging residue extraction can be used in place of fossil fuels, and thus contribute to climate change mitigation. The additional biomass and nutrients removed, and soils and other structures disturbed, have several potential environmental impacts. To evaluate potential impacts on ecosystem services and biodiversity we reviewed 279 scientific papers that compared logging residue extraction with non-extraction, the majority of which were conducted in Northern Europe and North America. The weight of available evidence indicates that logging residue extraction can have significant negative effects on biodiversity, especially for species naturally adapted to sun-exposed conditions and the large amounts of dead wood that are created by large-scaled forest disturbances. Slash extraction may also pose risks for future biomass production itself, due to the associated loss of nutrients. For water quality, reindeer herding, mammalian game species, berries, and natural heritage the results were complicated by primarily negative but some positive effects, while for recreation and pest control positive effects were more consistent. Further, there are initial negative effects on carbon storage, but these effects are transient and carbon stocks are mostly restored over decadal time perspectives. We summarize ways of decreasing some of the negative effects of logging residue extraction on specific ecosystem services, by changing the categories of residue extracted, and site or forest type targeted for extraction. However, we found that suggested pathways for minimizing adverse outcomes were often in conflict among the ecosystem services assessed. Compensatory measures for logging residue extraction may also be used (e.g. ash recycling, liming, fertilization), though these may also be associated with adverse environmental impacts.
dc.publisherOpen Science Centre, University of Jyväskylä
dc.rightsCC BY 4.0
dc.titleThe effects of logging residue extraction for energy on ecosystem services and biodiversity: a synthesis
dc.type.coarconference paper not in proceedings
dc.rights.copyright© the Authors, 2018
dc.relation.conferenceECCB2018: 5th European Congress of Conservation Biology. 12th - 15th of June 2018, Jyväskylä, Finland

Files in this item


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • ECCB 2018 [712]
    5th European Congress of Conservation Biology. 12th - 15th of June 2018, Jyväskylä, Finland

Show simple item record

CC BY 4.0
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as CC BY 4.0