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dc.contributor.authorKohler, Florent
dc.contributor.authorDesrousseaux, Maylis
dc.contributor.authorLanglais, Alexandra
dc.identifier.citationKohler, F., Desrousseaux, M. and Langlais, A. (2018). Ecological solidarity as an avatar of Animist spirituality. 5th European Congress of Conservation Biology. doi: 10.17011/conference/eccb2018/107173
dc.description.abstractAnimism is a worldview of Siberian origin that diffused out in the Americas thousands of years ago. Shamanism is its main spiritual expression, but it is also perceptible in hunting and gathering practices. It relies on the idea that human and other living beings are societies related to each other, among which cooperation, reciprocity, but also wars and retaliations (e.g. because of overkilling) can happen. Animist peoples understand the world not as a hierarchy, but as constituted by different beings, and the shaman plays the role of an intermediary between these entities, thanks to his power of transformation and mental trips among the underworld of master-spirits. Thus, animist societies are generally recognizable because they do not, or only slightly, transform their environment. Unlike many other human societies and cultures, the search for balance, sobriety, and reciprocity are the condition for ensuring the survival of the Earth – the reason why biodiversity hotspots coincide with surviving animist societies. Our presentation will present these premises and explain how animist societies can inspire and help shaping the ecological solidarity concept, by considering the world as a network including human and natural beings (or better, “entities”). Indeed, solidarity, through reciprocity and sharing of food or space, is the cement that holds human and animal societies together.
dc.publisherOpen Science Centre, University of Jyväskylä
dc.rightsCC BY 4.0
dc.titleEcological solidarity as an avatar of Animist spirituality
dc.type.coarconference paper not in proceedings
dc.rights.copyright© the Authors, 2018
dc.relation.conferenceECCB2018: 5th European Congress of Conservation Biology. 12th - 15th of June 2018, Jyväskylä, Finland

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    5th European Congress of Conservation Biology. 12th - 15th of June 2018, Jyväskylä, Finland

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CC BY 4.0
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as CC BY 4.0