JYX > Opinnäytteet > Pro gradu -tutkielmat > View Item
The connection between interoceptive sensitivity and anxiety : the study of temperament’s role in explaining the connection
This publication is copyrighted. You may download, display and print it for Your own personal use. Commercial use is prohibited.
Interoception has important role in many psychological phenomena such as emotional experience. Previous studies suggest that interoception provides a link between biological and psychological processes in many clinically relevant disorders and it has been most frequently connected to various forms of anxiety. Individuals with anxiety tend to be more sensitive to interoception; anxiety is characterized by somatic symptoms and increased attention to autonomic bodily processes supporting a relationship between these variables. Brain research has brought new evidence on individual differences in brain areas´ and their functioning in explaining differences in interoceptive sensitivity. There are some studies suggesting that inherent temperament traits are also linked to same brain areas as interoception. This suggests a link between interoception and individual differences in emotional reactivity and temperament traits, forming a possible prerequisite for anxiety in some individuals. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the connection between interoceptive sensitivity and anxiety and how temperamental traits, especially negative emotionality, are explaining the connection between the variables. It was hypothesized that there is a positive connection between interoceptive sensitivity and experience of anxiety and that temperament traits related to negative emotionality are connected to both interoceptive sensitivity and anxiety, mediating their connection. Interoceptive sensitivity was measured by heart beat detection task, the most widely applied in interception studies. Anxiety and individual temperament traits were measured by self-report questionnaires. Results of this study show no direct link between interoceptive sensitivity and anxiety, suggesting that high-anxiety individuals are not more sensitive to their interoceptive information than others. Also, negative emotionality was connected only to anxiety, not interoceptive sensitivity. Instead of negative emotionality, temperamental inhibition and low attentional control seems to explain both interoceptive sensitivity and anxiety. These results are in line with the current understanding that many mental health disorders including anxiety disorders have a connection to misrepresented interoceptive signals or failure to perceive changes in interoceptive states. Temperamental traits might be a potential background factor having an effect to this bias. ...
MetadataShow full item record
- Pro gradu -tutkielmat 
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Behavioral inhibition underlies the link between interoceptive sensitivity and anxiety-related temperamental traits Lyyra, Pessi; Parviainen, Tiina (Frontiers Research Foundation, 2018)Interoceptive sensitivity (IS) is a biologically determined, constitutional trait of an individual. High IS has been often associated with proneness to anxiety. This association has been explained by elevated autonomic ...
The connection between trait anxiety and the processing of emotional facial expressions : an ERF study Luopa, Jonna; Rossi, Teemu (2019)Tutkimuksen tarkoituksena oli ensiksi selvittää, prosessoidaanko erilaisia negatiivisia sekä neutraaleja kasvonilmeitä eri tavalla, sekä toiseksi selvittää, vaikuttaako piirreahdistuneisuus tähän prosessointiin. 14 miehelle, ...
The relation between interoceptive accuracy, temperament and personality Kouvo, Noora; Puustinen, Jenni (2016)Interoception is defined as an afferent information that can be sensed anywhere from within the body. Interoceptive accuracy is an objective measure of detection of interoceptive signals. According to previous studies ...
Effects of Physical Activity on the Association Between Interoception and Anxiety in Finnish Adults Wilson, Lindsey (2018)Interoception is the ability to sense one’s physical perturbations in the body. Interoception has gained relevance in psychological studies of emotion within the past decade, as the brain structures responsible for relaying ...
Risk perception and gratitude mediate the negative relationship between COVID-19 management satisfaction and public anxiety Mei, Ying; Tan, Lisha; Yang, Wenmin; Luo, Jie; Xu, Lei; Lei, Yi; Li, Hong (Nature Publishing Group, 2023)In this study, we explored whether satisfaction with government management, perception of risk, and gratitude influenced public anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic in China. Using a cross-sectional, anonymous and confidential ...