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dc.contributor.authorKujala, Tuomo
dc.contributor.authorMäkelä, Jakke
dc.date.accessioned2018-12-04T07:39:48Z
dc.date.available2021-06-01T21:35:08Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.citationKujala, T., & Mäkelä, J. (2018). Naturalistic study on the usage of smartphone applications among Finnish drivers. <i>Accident Analysis and Prevention</i>, <i>115</i>, 53-61. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2018.03.011" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2018.03.011</a>
dc.identifier.otherCONVID_27951009
dc.identifier.otherTUTKAID_77074
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/60452
dc.description.abstractWe present results from a naturalistic study that tracked how Finnish drivers use their smartphones while on the move. We monitored 30 heavy in-car smartphone users in Finland during June–September 2016, recording the times that they used their phones, the application used at the time of touch (calls excluded), the location and driving speed. Touches per time unit were used as a proxy for estimating visual-manual distraction due to visual-manual tasks. Our data set allows the determining of whether drivers use their phones differently on varying road types (highway, main road, local rural road, urban road). We found that the road type has an effect on phone use but the effect is contrary to what we expected. Drivers produced more touches per hour on urban roads, yet the use instances tend to be shorter than on the highway or main roads. We also collected statistics on the applications that were used. By far the highest overall rankings in the number of drivers using, number of uses, and duration per use instance was associated with the WhatsApp messaging service. One instance of WhatsApp use had a median of 8 touches, and had a median duration of 35 s. In contrast, navigation application use included a median of 3 touches and lasted for 11 s. The findings suggest that the Finnish smartphone heavy-users do not decrease their phone use when the demands of the traffic conditions increase and that the greatest risk from smartphone use may be currently caused by messaging applications.fi
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherElsevier Ltd
dc.relation.ispartofseriesAccident Analysis and Prevention
dc.rightsCC BY-NC-ND 4.0
dc.subject.otherdistraction
dc.subject.otherroad type
dc.subject.otherattentional demand
dc.subject.otherbehavioral adaptation
dc.subject.otherFinland
dc.titleNaturalistic study on the usage of smartphone applications among Finnish drivers
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-201811284920
dc.contributor.laitosInformaatioteknologian tiedekuntafi
dc.contributor.laitosFaculty of Information Technologyen
dc.contributor.oppiaineKognitiotiedefi
dc.contributor.oppiaineCognitive Scienceen
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.date.updated2018-11-28T15:38:46Z
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.format.pagerange53-61
dc.relation.issn0001-4575
dc.relation.numberinseries0
dc.relation.volume115
dc.type.versionacceptedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© 2018 Elsevier Ltd.
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.subject.ysoautoilijat
dc.subject.ysoliikennekäyttäytyminen
dc.subject.ysotarkkaavaisuus
dc.subject.ysoälypuhelimet
dc.subject.ysomobiilisovellukset
dc.subject.ysosovellusohjelmat
dc.subject.ysosopeutuminen
dc.format.contentfulltext
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p3004
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p3624
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p9105
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p23821
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p27414
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p8456
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p6137
dc.rights.urlhttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.relation.doi10.1016/j.aap.2018.03.011


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CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as CC BY-NC-ND 4.0