Precision Mass Measurements on Neutron-Rich Rare-Earth Isotopes at JYFLTRAP : Reduced Neutron Pairing and Implications for r-Process Calculations
Vilén, M., Kelly, J. M., Kankainen, A., Brodeur, M., Aprahamian, A., Canete, L., . . . Äystö, J. (2018). Precision Mass Measurements on Neutron-Rich Rare-Earth Isotopes at JYFLTRAP : Reduced Neutron Pairing and Implications for r-Process Calculations. Physical Review Letters, 120 (26), 262701. doi:10.1103/physrevlett.120.262701
Published inPhysical Review Letters
Kuta, T. |
© 2018 American Physical Society
The rare-earth peak in the r-process abundance pattern depends sensitively on both the astrophysical conditions and subtle changes in nuclear structure in the region. This work takes an important step towards elucidating the nuclear structure and reducing the uncertainties in r-process calculations via precise atomic mass measurements at the JYFLTRAP double Penning trap. 158Nd, 160Pm, 162Sm, and 164–166Gd have been measured for the first time, and the precisions for 156Nd, 158Pm, 162;163Eu, 163Gd, and 164Tb have been improved considerably. Nuclear structure has been probed via two-neutron separation energies S2n and neutron pairing energy metrics Dn. The data do not support the existence of a subshell closure at N ¼ 100. Neutron pairing has been found to be weaker than predicted by theoretical mass models. The impact on the calculated r-process abundances has been studied. Substantial changes resulting in a smoother abundance distribution and a better agreement with the solar r-process abundances are observed. ...