Look at them and they will notice you : Distractor-independent attentional capture by direct gaze in change blindness
Lyyra, P., Astikainen, P., & Hietanen, J. K. (2018). Look at them and they will notice you : Distractor-independent attentional capture by direct gaze in change blindness. Visual Cognition, 26(1), 25-36. https://doi.org/10.1080/13506285.2017.1370052
Published inVisual Cognition
© 2017 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons License.
Humans have shown a detection advantage of direct vs. averted gaze stimuli in visual search tasks. However, instead of attentional capture by direct gaze, the detection advantage in visual search may depend on attention-grabbing potential of the distractor stimuli to which the target needs to be compared. We investigated attentional capture by direct gaze using the change blindness paradigm, in which successful detection does not require comparison between the target and the distractor items. Participants detected a masked gaze direction change in one of four simultaneously presented schematic faces. The distractor gaze directions were systematically varied across three experiments. Changes resulting in direct gaze were detected more efficiently than those resulting in averted gaze, independently of distractor gaze directions. This finding suggests that the detection advantage is specifically due to attentional capture by direct gaze, not properties of distractor items.