Is there a Nordic model of final disposal of spent nuclear fuel? : Governance insights from Finland and Sweden
Litmanen, T., Kari, M., Kojo, M., & Solomon, B. D. (2017). Is there a Nordic model of final disposal of spent nuclear fuel? : Governance insights from Finland and Sweden. Energy Research and Social Science, 25, 19-30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.erss.2016.10.009
Published inEnergy Research and Social Science
© 2016 Elsevier Ltd. This is a final draft version of an article whose final and definitive form has been published by Elsevier. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.
This paper explores citizen participation in Swedish and Finnish regulatory processes for final disposal of spent nuclear fuel (SNF). Finland and Sweden are considered the most advanced worldwide in term of SNF disposal plans. Our aim is to analyze the institutional waste management frameworks, focusing on the role of civil society organizations (CSOs); how lay-people and civil society organizations have been able to participate and contribute to radioactive waste licensing processes; and the nature of radioactive waste risk debates. We review official documents of the waste companies and nuclear safety authorities, plus information from civil society organizations and laypeople. Our theoretical framework takes a civil regulation perspective, which is oriented towards institutional issues. The analysis indicates that civil regulation of SNF is better established in Sweden than in Finland because of institutional arrangements and the more controversial nature of nuclear power. Swedish civil regulation resembles a more liberal approach, whereas in the Finnish case technocratic domination is more evident and therefore CSOs have been left to choose critical, confrontational and antagonist civil regulation strategies producing dispersed and random civil regulation. We conclude that due to differences in civil regulation there is not a Nordic model for SNF disposal. ...
ISSN Search the Publication Forum2214-6296
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
The Art of Being Ethical and Responsible : Print Media Debate on Final Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel in Finland and Sweden Kojo, Matti; Vilhunen, Tuuli; Kari, Mika; Litmanen, Tapio; Lehtonen, Markku (Springer, 2022)After decades of preparation, the fnal disposal of spent nuclear fuel has reached the construction stage in Finland, and the neighboring Sweden is likely to soon follow in the footsteps. These Nordic countries rely on a ...
Socio-technical risk governance through dyadic risk dialogue : copper corrosion as a safety challenge in the geological disposal of spent nuclear fuel Litmanen, Tapio; Kari, Mika; Vesalainen, Jurgita; Kojo, Matti (Jyväskylän yliopisto, 2014)The risk of corrosion in oxygen-free water has become an issue of scientific controversy possibly even threatening the realisation of the final disposal of spent nuclear fuel in Finland and Sweden. In Sweden there has been ...
Business architecture development at public administration - Insights from government EA method engineering project in Finland Valtonen, Katariina; Leppänen, Mauri (Springer, 2008)Governments worldwide are concerned for efficient production of services to customers. To improve quality of services and to make service production more efficient, information and communication technology (ICT) is largely ...
The roles of the state and social licence to operate? Lessons from nuclear waste management in Finland, France, and Sweden Lehtonen, Markku; Kojo, Matti; Jartti, Tuija; Litmanen, Tapio; Kari, Mika (Elsevier BV, 2020)The concept of social licence to operate (SLO) is an increasingly popular tool for companies to manage their relations with the local communities. SLO is very seldom used in the nuclear sector, which has nevertheless applied ...
Perceptions of justice influencing community acceptance of spent nuclear fuel disposal : A case study in two Finnish nuclear communities Vilhunen, Tuuli; Kojo, Matti; Litmanen, Tapio; Taebi, Behnam (Routledge, 2022)Final disposal of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) from nuclear power plants (NPPs) is an ethical issue with implications within and across generations. We address this issue from the perspective of nuclear communities that host ...