Association between frontal plane knee control and lower extremity injuries : a prospective study on young team sport athletes
Räsänen, A. M., Pasanen, K., Krosshaug, T., Vasankari, T., Kannus, P., Heinonen, A., Kujala, U., Avela, J., Perttunen, J., & Parkkari, J. (2018). Association between frontal plane knee control and lower extremity injuries : a prospective study on young team sport athletes. BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine, 4(1), Article e000311. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjsem-2017-000311
Published inBMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
DisciplineBiomekaniikkaFysioterapiaLiikuntalääketiedeBiomechanicsPhysiotherapySports and Exercise Medicine
© the Authors, 2018. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons License.
Background/aim Poor frontal plane knee control can manifest as increased dynamic knee valgus during athletic tasks. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between frontal plane knee control and the risk of acute lower extremity injuries. In addition, we wanted to study if the single-leg squat (SLS) test can be used as a screening tool to identify athletes with an increased injury risk. Methods A total of 306 basketball and floorball players participated in the baseline SLS test and a 12-month injury registration follow-up. Acute lower extremity time-loss injuries were registered. Frontal plane knee projection angles (FPKPA) during the SLS were calculated using a two-dimensional video analysis. Results Athletes displaying a high FPKPA were 2.7 times more likely to sustain a lower extremity injury (adjusted OR 2.67, 95%CI 1.23 to 5.83) and 2.4 times more likely to sustain an ankle injury (OR 2.37, 95%CI 1.13 to 4.98). There was no statistically significant association between FPKPA and knee injury (OR 1.49, 95%CI 0.56 to 3.98). The receiver operating characteristic curve analyses indicated poor combined sensitivity and specificity when FPKPA was used as a screening test for lower extremity injuries (area under the curve of 0.59) and ankle injuries (area under the curve of 0.58). Conclusions Athletes displaying a large FPKPA in the SLS test had an elevated risk of acute lower extremity and ankle injuries. However, the SLS test is not sensitive and specific enough to be used as a screening tool for future injury risk. ...
PublisherBMJ Publishing Group Ltd; British Association of Sport and Exercise Medicine
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © the Authors, 2018. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons License.
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Association between lower extremity muscular strength and acute knee injuries in young team‐sports athletes Hietamo, J.; Parkkari, J.; Leppänen, M.,; Steffen, K.; Kannus, P.; Vasankari, T.; Heinonen, A.; Mattila, V.; Pasanen, K. (John Wiley & Sons, 2020)The purpose of this study was to investigate LE muscular strength variables as potential risk factors for all and non‐contact acute knee and ACL injuries in young athletes. A total of 188 young (≤21) male and 174 female ...
Prevention of injuries among youth team sports : the role of decreased movement control as a risk factor Leppänen, Mari (University of Jyväskylä, 2017)Good movement control is essential in team sports that require fast-paced running, pivoting, jumping and landing. Alterations in dynamic neuromuscular control may cause significant stress on the musculoskeletal system, ...
Change of Direction Biomechanics in a 180-Degree Pivot Turn and the Risk for Noncontact Knee Injuries in Youth Basketball and Floorball Players Leppänen, Mari; Parkkari, Jari; Vasankari, Tommi; Äyrämö, Sami; Kulmala, Juha-Pekka; Krosshaug, Tron; Kannus, Pekka; Pasanen, Kati (SAGE Publications, 2021)Background: Studies investigating biomechanical risk factors for knee injuries in sport-specific tasks are needed. Purpose: To investigate the association between change of direction (COD) biomechanics in a 180-degree ...
Watch your step! Is foot landing technique during cutting manoeuvres associated with acute lower extremity injuries? : a 12-month prospective cohort study of young team sport athletes Vornanen, Teemu (2019)Useita pallopelejä luonnehtivat erilaiset nopeat suunnanmuutokset sekä äkilliset kiihdytykset, mitkä altistavat etenkin nuoria urheilijoita akuuteille alaraajavammoille. Aiempien tutkimusten valossa on esitetty, että ...
Neuromuscular Training Warm-up Prevents Acute Noncontact Lower Extremity Injuries in Children’s Soccer : A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial Hilska, Matias; Leppänen, Mari; Vasankari, Tommi; Aaltonen, Sari; Kannus, Pekka; Parkkari, Jari; Steffen, Kathrin; Kujala, Urho M.; Konttinen, Niilo; Räisänen, Anu M.; Pasanen, Kati (SAGE Publications, 2021)Background: Prevention of sports injuries is essential in youth, as injuries are associated with less future physical activity and thus greater all-cause morbidity. Purpose: To investigate whether a neuromuscular ...