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dc.contributor.authorKari, Jaana T.
dc.contributor.authorPehkonen, Jaakko
dc.contributor.authorHutri-Kähönen, Nina
dc.contributor.authorRaitakari, Olli T.
dc.contributor.authorTammelin, Tuija H.
dc.date.accessioned2017-11-14T12:02:40Z
dc.date.available2017-11-14T12:02:40Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.citationKari, J. T., Pehkonen, J., Hutri-Kähönen, N., Raitakari, O. T., & Tammelin, T. H. (2017). Longitudinal Associations between Physical Activity and Educational Outcomes. <em>Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise</em>, 49 (11), 2158-2166. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000001351">doi:10.1249/MSS.0000000000001351</a>
dc.identifier.otherTUTKAID_75626
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/55876
dc.description.abstractPurpose: This longitudinal study examined the role of leisure-time physical activity in academic achievement at the end of compulsory basic education and educational attainment in adulthood. Methods: The data were drawn from the ongoing longitudinal Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study, which was combined with register-based data from Statistics Finland. The study consisted of children who were 12 yr (n = 1723, 49% boys) and 15 yr (n = 2445, 48% boys) of age at the time when physical activity was measured. The children were followed up until 2010, when their mean age was 40 yr. Physical activity was self-reported and included several measurements: overall leisure-time physical activity outside school hours, participation in sports club training sessions, and participation in sports competitions. Individuals’ educational outcomes were measured with the self-reported grade point average at age 15 yr and register-based information on the years of completed postcompulsory education in adulthood. Ordinary least squares models and the instrumental variable approach were used to analyze the relationship between physical activity and educational outcomes. Results: Physical activity in adolescence was positively associated with educational outcomes. Both the physical activity level at age 15 yr and an increase in the physical activity level between the ages of 12 and 15 yr were positively related to the grade point average at age 15 yr and the years of postcompulsory education in adulthood. The results were robust to the inclusion of several individual and family background factors, including health endowments, family income, and parents’ education. Conclusion: The results provide evidence that physical activity in adolescence may not only predict academic success during compulsory basic education but also boost educational outcomes later in life.
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherAmerican College of Sports Medicine; Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
dc.relation.ispartofseriesMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
dc.subject.otheropintomenestys
dc.subject.otherkoulutustaso
dc.subject.otherfyysinen aktiivisuus
dc.subject.otherpitkittäistutkimus
dc.subject.otheracademic achievement
dc.subject.othereducational attainment
dc.subject.otherphysical activity
dc.subject.otherregister-based data
dc.titleLongitudinal Associations between Physical Activity and Educational Outcomes
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-201711104205
dc.contributor.laitosKauppakorkeakoulufi
dc.contributor.laitosSchool of Business and Economicsen
dc.contributor.oppiaineTaloustiede
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.date.updated2017-11-10T10:15:23Z
dc.type.coarjournal article
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.format.pagerange2158-2166
dc.relation.issn0195-9131
dc.relation.volume49
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© 2017 The Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. on behalf of the American College of Sports Medicine. This is an open- access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution- Non Commercial-No Derivatives License.
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.rights.urlhttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.relation.doi10.1249/MSS.0000000000001351


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© 2017 The Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.
on behalf of the American College of Sports Medicine. This is an open-
access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-
Non Commercial-No Derivatives License.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2017 The Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. on behalf of the American College of Sports Medicine. This is an open- access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution- Non Commercial-No Derivatives License.