The work-family interface and its correlates : integrating variable and person oriented approaches
The aim of this research was to examine key correlates of the interaction between work and family in one Nordic country, Finland, using a person- oriented and variable-oriented approach. The correlates that were chosen and examined over the course of three studies were job control and work-family boundary management styles, turnover intention, core self-evaluations, and vigor at work. Study I was part of a 2-year longitudinal study which was conducted in two Finnish universities (n = 700); Study II consisted of two samples, one of university employees (University 1, n = 666; University 2, n = 644), and the other of nurses (n = 301) from one healthcare district in Finland; and Study III used the same sample as in Study I. The findings of this research provide evidence that vigor at work leads to work-family enrichment by creating a positive mood in individuals that is transferable from work to family. The findings also suggest that enriching family life through work experiences can, in turn, lead to greater vigor at work. Although, no reciprocal relations were found between work-family enrichment and core self-evaluations when using variable oriented analyses, a person-oriented analysis showed that individuals who are better at managing their work and family domains make positive self-evaluations. The results also showed the importance that individuals attach to boundary characteristics in managing the work-family interface, suggesting that perceived situational constraints or opportunities (ability) and personal motivation (willingness) can be useful components in predicting a positive or negative work-family interface. Furthermore, the results showed that a combination of high work-family enrichment and low work- family conflict can result in beneficial outcomes, while low enrichment and high conflict would have the opposite effect. ...
PublisherUniversity of Jyväskylä
MetadataShow full item record
- Väitöskirjat 
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Moazami-Goodarzi, Ali; Rantanen, Johanna; Nurmi, Jari-Erik; Mauno, Saija (Sciedu Press, 2015)Background: The present study aims to identify different work-family boundary management profiles among Finnish employees, and examine how these relate to conflict between work and family or their mutual enrichment. Method: ...
Selander, Kirsikka (Jyväskylän yliopisto, 2018)In recent years, the institutional environment of Finland’s third sector has undergone major changes. One consequence of that has been paid work becoming more important in organizing third sector activities. However, ...
Mäkikangas, Anne; Kinnunen, Ulla (Elsevier, 2016)The variable-oriented approach has dominated empirical burnout research, but during the last 10 years a person-oriented approach to burnout has also become common. The aim of this systematic literature review was to identify, ...
Pickett, Jennifer; Hofmans, Joeri; De Fruyt, Filip (Elsevier, 2019)Research shows that extraversion is unrelated to performance approach goal orientation, both at the trait- and the state-level. However, since previous studies have either focused on the trait- or the state-level, such a ...
Resilience and Parental Burnout Among Finnish Parents During the COVID-19 Pandemic : Variable and Person-Oriented Approaches Sorkkila, Matilda; Aunola, Kaisa (SAGE Publications, 2021)During the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) crisis, different personality characteristics may have influenced parental well-being in different ways. In the present study, we combined variable and person-oriented approaches ...