Association of poverty and social exclusion with Body Mass Index among Special Olympics athletes in Europe
Rintala, P., Temple, V. A., Lloyd, M., Faro, C., & Foley, J. T. (2017). Association of poverty and social exclusion with Body Mass Index among Special Olympics athletes in Europe. International Journal of Public Health, 62(8), 921-928. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00038-017-0982-5
Published inInternational Journal of Public Health
© Swiss School of Public Health (SSPH+) 2017. This is a final draft version of an article whose final and definitive form has been published by Springer. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.
Objectives To examine the association of a risk of poverty and social exclusion (AROPE), age, and gender with the body mass index (BMI) status of European Special Olympics athletes. Methods BMI records were available for 1905 children and youth and 5517 adults from the Special Olympics International (SOI) Health Promotion database. AROPE was extracted from EU Eurostat statistics. Logistic regression analyses were used to predict BMI status. Results For children/youth and adults, respectively, 9.4 and 6.3% were underweight and 25.3 and 44.6% were overweight/obese. Being underweight was significantly associated with higher AROPE rates. Being female and lower AROPE rates were significantly associated with overweight/obesity for both children/youth (OR 1.27; 95% CI 1.07–1.50 and OR 0.97; 95% CI 0.96–0.98) and adults (OR 1.55; 95% CI 1.39–1.72 and OR 0.96; 95% CI 0.95–0.98). Conclusions The Europe 2020 “platform against poverty” strategy aims to ensure that those experiencing poverty and social exclusion share the benefits of economic growth. These findings suggest that SOI health promotion efforts to foster healthy BMI are needed and should be tailored to specific social and economic circumstances in Europe. ...
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