Moderate-Load Muscular Endurance Strength Training Did Not Improve Peak Power or Functional Capacity in Older Men and Women
Walker, S., Haff, G. G., Häkkinen, K., & Newton, R. U. (2017). Moderate-Load Muscular Endurance Strength Training Did Not Improve Peak Power or Functional Capacity in Older Men and Women. Frontiers in Physiology, 8, Article 743. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2017.00743
Published inFrontiers in Physiology
© 2017 Walker, Haff, Häkkinen and Newton. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY).
The present study determined the effects of muscular endurance strength training on maximum strength and power, functional capacity, muscle activation and hypertrophy in older men and women. Eighty-one men and women acted as an intervention group while 22 acted as non-training controls (age range 64–75 y). Intervention training included super-sets (i.e., paired exercises, immediately performing the second exercises following completion of the first) with short rest intervals (30–60 s between sets) at an intensity of 50–60% one-repetition maximum (1-RM) for 15–20 repetitions. Concentric leg press actions measured maximum strength (1-RM) and concentric peak power. Functional capacity was assessed by maximum speed walking tests (i.e., forward walk, backward walk, timed-up-and-go, and stair climb tests). Quadriceps muscle activation was assessed by surface electromyogram and twitch interpolation technique. Vastus lateralis cross-sectional area was measured by panoramic ultrasound. Compared to control, the intervention groups increased maximum strength (1-RM; men: 10 ± 7% vs. 2 ± 3%, women: 14 ± 9% vs. 1 ± 6% both P < 0.01) and vastus lateralis cross-sectional area (men: 6 ± 7% vs. −3 ± 6%, women: 10 ± 10% vs. 0 ± 4% both P < 0.05). But there were no between-group differences in peak power, muscle activation or functional capacity (e.g., stair climb; men: −5 ± 7% vs. −4 ± 3%, women: −5 ± 6% vs. −2 ± 5% both P > 0.05). While benefits occurred during muscular endurance strength training, specific stimuli are probably needed to target all aspects of age-related health. ...
PublisherFrontiers Research Foundation
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2017 Walker, Haff, Häkkinen and Newton. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY).
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Comparing individual muscle size and strength responses in younger and older adults after prolonged resistance training Vandeweerd, Joshua (2021)Several weeks of systematic resistance exercise, termed resistance training (RT), increases muscle size and strength in both younger and older adults and is recognized as a key measure towards combatting age-related ...
An age-adapted plyometric exercise program improves dynamic strength, jump performance and functional capacity in older men either similarly or more than traditional resistance training Van Roie, Evelien; Walker, Simon; Van Driessche, Stijn; Delabastita, Tijs; Vanwanseele, Benedicte; Delecluse, Christophe (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2020)Power declines at a greater rate during ageing and is more relevant for functional deterioration than either loss of maximum strength or muscle mass. Human movement typically consists of stretch-shortening cycle action. ...
Effects of resistance training frequency on muscle strength, activity and mass during a 24-week intervention in the elderly Alonso Serrano, Javier (2016)Elderly populations are increasingly affected by sarcopenia, dynapenia and osteoporosis. They all increase frailty and decrease quality of life and life-expectancy. Resistance training (RT) has been reported extensively ...
Isometric force-time parameters in monitoring of strength training : with special reference to acute responses to different loading resistances Peltonen, Heikki (University of Jyväskylä, 2017)The aim of the present series of studies was to investigate acute neuromuscular responses to (1) different strength training loadings and using (2) different external resistances. In addition, chronic adaptations and ...
Treatment with soluble activin type IIB-receptor improves bone mass and strength in a mouse model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy Puolakkainen, Tero; Ma, Hongqiang; Kainulainen, Heikki; Pasternack, Arja; Rantalainen, Timo; Ritvos, Olli; Heikinheimo, Kristiina; Hulmi, Juha; Kiviranta, Riku (BioMed Central, 2017)Background: Inhibition of activin/myostatin pathway has emerged as a novel approach to increase muscle mass and bone strength. Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a neuromuscular disorder that leads to progressive muscle ...