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dc.contributor.authorTiihonen, Jari
dc.contributor.authorHalonen, Pirjo
dc.contributor.authorTiihonen, Laura
dc.contributor.authorKautiainen, Hannu
dc.contributor.authorStorvik, Markus
dc.contributor.authorCallaway, James
dc.date.accessioned2017-08-23T11:41:57Z
dc.date.available2017-08-23T11:41:57Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.citationTiihonen, J., Halonen, P., Tiihonen, L., Kautiainen, H., Storvik, M., & Callaway, J. (2017). The Association of Ambient Temperature and Violent Crime. <em>Scientific Reports</em>, 7, 6543. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-06720-z">doi:10.1038/s41598-017-06720-z</a>
dc.identifier.otherTUTKAID_74668
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/55157
dc.description.abstractIt is controversial if global warming will result into increased crime and conflict rate, and no causal neurobiological mechanisms have been proposed for the putative association between ambient temperature and aggressive behavior. This study shows that during 1996–2013, ambient temperature explained 10% of variance in the violent crime rate in Finland, corresponding to a 1.7% increase/degree centigrade. Ambient temperature also correlated with a one month delay in circannual changes in peripheral serotonin transporter density among both offenders and healthy control subjects, which itself correlated strongly with the monthly violent crime rate. This suggests that rise in temperature modulates serotonergic transmission which may increase impulsivity and general human activity level, resulting into increase in social interaction and risk of violent incidents. Together, these results suggest that the effect of ambient temperature on occurrence of violent crime is partly mediated through the serotonergic system, and that a 2°C increase in average temperatures would increase violent crime rates by more than 3% in non-tropical and non-subtropical areas, if other contributing factors remained constant.
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherNature Publishing Group
dc.relation.ispartofseriesScientific Reports
dc.subject.otherlämpötila
dc.subject.otherväkivaltarikokset
dc.subject.otherserotoniini
dc.subject.otherkorrelaatio
dc.titleThe Association of Ambient Temperature and Violent Crime
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-201708153491
dc.contributor.laitosYliopistopalvelutfi
dc.contributor.laitosUniversity Servicesen
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.date.updated2017-08-15T15:15:04Z
dc.type.coarjournal article
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.relation.issn2045-2322
dc.relation.volume7
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© the Authors, 2017. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.rights.urlhttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.relation.doi10.1038/s41598-017-06720-z


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© the Authors, 2017. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © the Authors, 2017. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.