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dc.contributor.authorCayol, Claire
dc.contributor.authorKoskela, Esa
dc.contributor.authorMappes, Tapio
dc.contributor.authorSiukkola, Anja
dc.contributor.authorKallio, Eva
dc.date.accessioned2017-04-04T08:35:24Z
dc.date.available2017-04-04T08:35:24Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.citationCayol, C., Koskela, E., Mappes, T., Siukkola, A., & Kallio, E. (2017). Temporal dynamics of the tick Ixodes ricinus in northern Europe : epidemiological implications. <em>Parasites and Vectors</em>, 10 (1), 166. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1186/s13071-017-2112-x">doi:10.1186/s13071-017-2112-x</a>
dc.identifier.otherTUTKAID_73411
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/53473
dc.description.abstractBackground: Tick-borne pathogens pose an increasing threat to human and veterinary health across the northern hemisphere. While the seasonal activity of ticks is largely determined by climatic conditions, host-population dynamics are also likely to affect tick abundance. Consequently, abundance fluctuations of rodents in northern Europe are expected to be translated into tick dynamics, and can hence potentially affect the circulation of tick-borne pathogens. We quantified and explained the temporal dynamics of the tick Ixodes ricinus in the northernmost part of its European geographical range, by estimating (i) abundance in vegetation and (ii) infestation load in the most common rodent species in the study area, the bank vole Myodes glareolus. Results: Ixodes ricinus nymphs and adult females, the life stages responsible for the most of tick bites in humans, peaked in May-June and August-September. Larvae and nymphs were simultaneously active in June and abundance of questing larvae and nymphs in the vegetation showed a positive association with bank vole abundance. Moreover, infesting larvae and nymphs were aggregated on bank voles, and the infestation of bank voles with I. ricinus larvae and nymphs was positively associated with bank vole abundance. Conclusion: Our results indicate early summer and early autumn as periods of increased risk for humans to encounter I. ricinus ticks in boreal urban forests and suggest a 2 years life-cycle for I. ricinus with two cohorts of ticks during the same year. Moreover, we identified a simultaneous activity of larvae and nymphs which allows co-feeding on the rodent host, which in turn supports the transmission of several important zoonotic tick-borne pathogens. Finally, we showed that a high density of the rodent host may enhance the risk that ticks and, potentially, tick-borne pathogens pose to human health.
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherBioMed Central
dc.relation.ispartofseriesParasites and Vectors
dc.subject.otherIxodes ricinus
dc.subject.otherrodent host
dc.subject.otherseasonality
dc.subject.otherpublic health
dc.subject.otherpopulation dynamics
dc.titleTemporal dynamics of the tick Ixodes ricinus in northern Europe : epidemiological implications
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-201704031867
dc.contributor.laitosBio- ja ympäristötieteiden laitosfi
dc.contributor.laitosThe Department of Biological and Environmental Scienceen
dc.contributor.oppiaineEkologia ja evoluutiobiologia
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.date.updated2017-04-03T09:15:17Z
dc.type.coarjournal article
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.relation.issn1756-3305
dc.relation.volume10
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© the Authors, 2017. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.rights.urlhttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.relation.doi10.1186/s13071-017-2112-x


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© the Authors, 2017. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © the Authors, 2017. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.