The development of work values during the transition to adulthood : A two-country study
Lechner, C. M., Sortheix, F. M., Göllner, R., & Salmela-Aro, K. (2017). The development of work values during the transition to adulthood : A two-country study. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 99, 52-65. doi:10.1016/j.jvb.2016.12.004
Published inJournal of Vocational Behavior
© 2016 Elsevier Inc. This is a final draft version of an article whose final and definitive form has been published by Elsevier. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.
This study addresses the development of work values—the desired characteristics of one's current or future job—during young adulthood. Using two panel studies from Germany (N = 2506) and Finland (N = 1326), we investigated (a) mean-level and rank-order change and stability in work values across three biennial waves (age 20/21 to age 25/26); and (b) the influence of stable background characteristics as well as of major transitions in family and work roles on inter-individual differences and intra-individual changes in work values. Latent measurement models with three work value dimensions showed good fit in both countries: extrinsic (importance of job security and material rewards), intrinsic (importance of having an interesting, varied, and valuable job), and autonomy (working independently; making one's own decisions). Analyses revealed high mean-level stabilities and moderate to high rank-order consistencies in work values across four years. Intrinsic work values emerged as the most highly endorsed value, and extrinsic work values as the most stable value, in both countries. Individual differences in work values emerged along the lines of sociodemographic background characteristics—especially gender, and to a lesser extent, parental socio-economic status (SES) and school track—whereas work and family transitions played only a limited role in explaining changes in work values across time. We discuss these results against the backdrop of previous research conducted mainly in North America and note some implications for work value research and for career counseling. ...
MetadataShow full item record
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
The Development of Motivation and Amotivation to Study and Work across Age-Graded Transitions in Adolescence and Young Adulthood Symonds, Jennifer; Schoon, Ingrid; Eccles, Jacquelynne; Salmela-Aro, Katariina (Springer New York LLC, 2019)People’s motivation to engage in studying and working is an important precursor of participation and attainment. However, little is known about how motivation and the lack of motivation develops normatively across adolescence ...
Deciding on the direction of career and life : personal goals, identity development, and well-being during the transition to adulthood Marttinen, Elina (University of Jyväskylä, 2017)Humans make efforts to manage their lives, and they do this by setting goals and making decisions. When they commit to their decisions, they construct their identity. This research aimed to study young people’s personal ...
Yläoutinen, Sami (University of Jyväskylä, 2005)
Moazami-Goodarzi, Ali; Rantanen, Johanna; Nurmi, Jari-Erik; Mauno, Saija (Sciedu Press, 2015)Background: The present study aims to identify different work-family boundary management profiles among Finnish employees, and examine how these relate to conflict between work and family or their mutual enrichment. Method: ...
Understanding family shareholders in family firms : an exploration of the role of family dynamics in the development of family shareholders' behaviours López-Vergara, María Piedad (University of Jyväskylä, 2013)