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dc.contributor.authorLeppänen, Mari
dc.date.accessioned2017-01-05T08:44:13Z
dc.date.available2017-01-05T08:44:13Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.isbn978-951-39-6940-0
dc.identifier.otheroai:jykdok.linneanet.fi:1645402
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/52638
dc.description.abstractGood movement control is essential in team sports that require fast-paced running, pivoting, jumping and landing. Alterations in dynamic neuromuscular control may cause significant stress on the musculoskeletal system, and increase the risk of both acute and overuse injuries. The purpose of this dissertation was to investigate the effectiveness of interventions to prevent sports injuries, the incidence and severity of overuse injuries, and the role of decreased movement control as a risk factor for future injuries in young team sports athletes. The study methods included a systematic literature review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials, a retrospective epidemiological investigation on the prevalence of overuse injuries, a cross-sectional investigation on young athletes’ movement control, and a prospective risk factor analysis on the biomechanical characteristics of a jump-landing task. The observational study population comprised a total of 401 young basketball and floorball players from the Tampere district. First, the study revealed that training interventions are effective to prevent sports injuries. Second, overuse injuries in youth basketball and floorball affected mainly the knee and the lower back, and caused long absences from training and competition. Third, decreased movement control was highly common, especially among young female players from basketball and floorball. Finally, stiff landings with less knee flexion and increased vertical ground reaction force were associated with increased risk of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries among young female team sports players. Certain deficiencies in young athletes’ movement control and jump-landing technique might be related to future injuries. However, the current screening method based on a jump-landing task is not accurate enough to identify athletes who will suffer future injury. Neuromuscular training can improve movement control during sporting tasks and is effective in reducing the risk of injuries. The actions to prevent ACL injuries in young female team sports players should include a focus on avoiding stiff landing patterns by teaching the players to increase knee flexion during landing and cutting movements.
dc.format.extent1 verkkoaineisto (123 sivua, 64 sivua useina numerointijaksoina)
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherUniversity of Jyväskylä
dc.relation.ispartofseriesStudies in sport, physical education and health
dc.relation.isversionofJulkaistu myös painettuna.
dc.subject.otherliikehallinta
dc.subject.othersport injuries
dc.subject.otherteam sports
dc.subject.otheradolescents
dc.subject.othermovement control
dc.subject.otherneuromuscular control
dc.subject.otheranterior cruciate ligament
dc.subject.otherinjury prevention
dc.titlePrevention of injuries among youth team sports : the role of decreased movement control as a risk factor
dc.identifier.urnURN:ISBN:978-951-39-6940-0
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten
dc.type.ontasotVäitöskirjafi
dc.type.ontasotDoctoral dissertationen
dc.contributor.tiedekuntaLiikuntatieteellinen tiedekuntafi
dc.contributor.yliopistoUniversity of Jyväskyläen
dc.contributor.yliopistoJyväskylän yliopistofi
dc.contributor.oppiaineLiikuntalääketiedefi
dc.subject.methodSystemaattinen kirjallisuuskatsaus
dc.subject.methodMeta-analyysi
dc.relation.issn0356-1070
dc.relation.numberinseries253
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.subject.ysourheiluvammat
dc.subject.ysonuoret
dc.subject.ysourheilijat
dc.subject.ysojoukkuepelit
dc.subject.ysokoripallo
dc.subject.ysosalibandy
dc.subject.ysopolvet
dc.subject.ysonivelsiteet
dc.subject.ysorasitusvammat
dc.subject.ysoriskitekijät
dc.subject.ysoennaltaehkäisy
dc.subject.ysohermo-lihastoiminta
dc.subject.ysourheilusuoritukset
dc.subject.ysokehonhallinta
dc.subject.ysotekniikka


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