The joint effects of parenting styles and the child's temperamental characteristics in children's social-emotional development
This research examined the joint effects of parenting and the temperamental characteristics of children on their social-emotional development during their early school years. Three studies, focusing on different aspects of social-emotional development as well as on different temperamental characteristics, were carried out. The first study investigated the extent to which mothers' and fathers' parenting styles differently impact their children's social-emotional development, based on the children's tendency to show signs of social withdrawal. The second study focused on the different impacts of parenting styles on children's emotional expression, depending on the children's temperament type. The third study examined the different impacts of parenting styles on children's development of pro-social behaviors among shy and non-shy children. Three longitudinal Finnish data sets were used: 1) 378 children and their parents, followed from Grades 1 to 3; 2) 153 first-grade children and their parents, followed through the first grade; and 3) 200 children and their parents followed from 3 years of age to Grade 3. The results showed, first, that, during the transition to primary school, socially withdrawn, shy, or inhibited children overall benefited from parental—particularly maternal— affection more than other children in terms of their social and emotional development. Second, children with difficult temperaments were found to benefit from maternal behavioral control more than others in terms of decreased negative emotions during Grade 1. Third, although maternal psychological control increased first graders' negative emotions independently of temperament type, socially withdrawn children suffered more under parental psychological control than nonwithdrawn children in terms of increased internalizing problem behaviors. Forth, interestingly, among children showing signs of social withdrawal, maternal psychological control was positively associated with pro-social skills and negatively with externalizing problem behaviors. Overall, the results suggested that parenting styles play a role in children's social-emotional development, particularly among temperamentally vulnerable children, such as those showing signs of social withdrawal, shyness, or difficult or inhibited temperament. ...
PublisherUniversity of Jyväskylä
parenting styles social-emotional development social withdrawal temperament types shyness diathesis-stress model differential susceptibility model goodness-of-fit vanhemmuus äidit isät kotikasvatus koululaiset koulutulokkaat sosiaalinen kehitys tunne-elämän kehitys temperamentti persoonallisuuden piirteet ujous
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The impact of children’s socioemotional development on parenting styles : the moderating effect of social withdrawal Zarra-Nezhad, Maryam; Viljaranta, Jaana; Sajaniemi, Nina; Aunola, Kaisa; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina (Taylor & Francis, 2020)This study focused on associations between children’s socioemotional development (prosocial behaviour, internalizing and externalizing problems) and parenting styles (affection, behavioural control, and psychological ...
Parenting Styles and Children’s Emotional Development during the First Grade: The Moderating Role of Child Temperament Zarra-Nezhad, Maryam; Aunola, Kaisa; Kiuru, Noona; Mullola, Sari; Moazami-Goodarzi, Ali (OMICS International, 2015)This study investigated the associations between parenting styles (affection, behavioral control, and psychological control) and children’s emotional development (emotion expression) during the first grade of primary school, ...
Social withdrawal in children moderates the association between parenting styles and the children’s own socioemotional development Zarra-Nezhad, Maryam; Kiuru, Noona; Aunola, Kaisa; Zarra-Nezhad, Mansour; Ahonen, Timo; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Nurmi, Jari-Erik (Wiley-Blackwell; The Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 2014)Background: Social withdrawal in early childhood is a risk factor for later socioemotional difficulties. This study examined the joint effects of children’s social withdrawal and mothers’ and fathers’ parenting styles ...
Individual differences in parenting : the five-factor model of personality as an explanatory framework Metsäpelto, Riitta-Leena (University of Jyväskylä, 2003)Riitta-Leena Metsäpellon väitöstutkimus osoittaa, että lastenkasvatusta voidaan tutkia erilaisilla menetelmillä, mutta menetelmät eivät anna yhtenäistä kuvaa vanhemmista kasvattajina. Ulospäinsuuntautunut ja avoin äiti voi ...
The Role of Adolescents’ and Their Parents’ Temperament Types in Adolescents’ Academic Emotions : A Goodness-of-Fit Approach Lahdelma, Pinja; Tolonen, Maria; Kiuru, Noona; Hirvonen, Riikka (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2021)Background Academic emotions (e.g., enjoyment of learning or anxiety) play a significant role in academic performance and educational choices. An important factor explaining academic emotions can be students’ temperament ...