Coded excitation speeds up the detection of the fundamental flexural guided wave in coated tubes
Song, X., Moilanen, P., Zhao, Z., Ta, D., Pirhonen, J., Salmi, A., . . . Wang, W. (2016). Coded excitation speeds up the detection of the fundamental flexural guided wave in coated tubes. AIP Advances, 6 (9), 095001. doi:10.1063/1.4962400
Published inAIP Advances
Ta, Dean |
© 2016 Author(s). This is an open access article published by AIP. All article content, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license.
The fundamental flexural guided wave (FFGW) permits ultrasonic assessment of the wall thickness of solid waveguides, such as tubes or, e.g., long cortical bones. Recently, an optical non-contact method was proposed for ultrasound excitation and detection with the aim of facilitating the FFGW reception by suppressing the interfering modes from the soft coating. This technique suffers from low SNR and requires iterative physical scanning across the source-receiver distance for 2D-FFT analysis. This means that SNR improvement achieved by temporal averaging becomes time-consuming (several minutes) which reduces the applicability of the technique, especially in time-critical applications such as clinical quantitative ultrasound. To achieve sufficient SNR faster, an ultrasonic excitation by a base-sequence-modulated Golay code (BSGC, 64-bit code pair) on coated tube samples (1-5 mm wall thickness and 5 mm soft coating layer) was used. This approach improved SNR by 21 dB and speeded up the measurement by a factor of 100 compared to using a classical pulse excitation with temporal averaging. The measurement now took seconds instead of minutes, while the ability to determine the wall thickness of the phantoms was maintained. The technique thus allows rapid noncontacting assessment of the wall thickness in coated solid tubes, such as the human bone. ...