Perceived physical competence towards physical activity, and autonomous motivation and enjoyment in physical education as longitudinal predictors of adolescents' self - reported physical activity
Jaakkola, T., Yli-Piipari, S., Watt, A., & Liukkonen, J. (2016). Perceived physical competence towards physical activity, and autonomous motivation and enjoyment in physical education as longitudinal predictors of adolescents' self - reported physical activity. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 19(9), 750-754. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2015.11.003
Published inJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
© 2015 Sports Medicine Australia. This is a final draft version of an article whose final and definitive form has been published by Elsevier. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.
Objectives The aim of the study was to investigate if adolescents’ perceived physical competence towards physical activity (PA), and autonomous motivation and enjoyment in physical education (PE) during early adolescence can predict amount and intensity of self-reported physical activity six years later. Design This study utilized a 6-year longitudinal data set collected within Finnish school settings. Students responded to questionnaires measuring their perceived physical competence towards physical activity, and autonomous motivation and enjoyment in PE during their first year at middle school (Grade 7), and their PA engagement during their last year in high school (Grade 12). Methods A sample of 333 students (200 girls, 133 boys; M age = 12.41, years, SD = .27) participated in the study. Perceived physical competence in physical activity was assessed by the sport competence dimension of the Physical Self-Perception Profile, autonomous motivation in PE was assessed by the Sport Motivation Scale and enjoyment in PE by the Sport Enjoyment Scale. Students’ self-reported metabolic equivalent (MET) and PA intensity (light [LPA], moderate [MPA], vigorous [VPA]) was calculated from the short form of International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Results Perceived physical competence towards physical activity significantly predicted total METs (β = .28), MPA (β = .18) and VPA (β = .29) six years later. Autonomous motivation and enjoyment in PE at Grade 7, however, were not significant predictors of later PA. Conclusions The results of this study support the proposition that self-perception of an individual's abilities arising from interactions with the environment related to PA during early puberty has an influential effect on later PA behaviour. ...
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