Measuring the 14C content in liquid scintillators
Enqvist, T., Barabanov, I. R., Bezrukov, L. B., Gangapshev, A. M., Gavrilyuk, Y. M., Grishina, V. Y., Gurentsov, V. I., Hissa, J., Joutsenvaara, J., Kazalov, V.V., Krokhaleva, S., Kutuniva, J., Kuusiniemi, P., Kuzminov, V.V., Kurlovich, A. S., Loo, K., Lubsandorzhiev, B. K., Lubsandorzhiev, S., Morgalyuk, V. P., . . . Zavarzina, V. P. (2016). Measuring the 14C content in liquid scintillators. In N. Fornengo, M. Regis, & H.-S. Zechlin (Eds.), XIV International Conference on Topics in Astroparticle and Underground Physics (TAUP 2015) (Article 062018). Institute of Physics Publishing Ltd.. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 718. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/718/6/062018
Published inJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Loo, Kai |
© the Authors, 2016. This is an open access article published by IoP and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence.
We are going to perform a series of measurements where the 14C/12C ratio will be measured from several liquid scintillator samples with a dedicated setup. The setup is designed with the aim of measuring ratios smaller than 10−18. Measurements take place in two underground laboratories: in the Baksan Neutrino Observatory, Russia and in the Pyh¨asalmi mine, Finland. In Baksan the measurements started in 2015 and in Pyh¨asalmi they start in the beginning of 2015. In order to fully understand the operation of the setup and its background contributions a development of simulation packages has also been started. Low-energy neutrino detection with a liquid scintillator requires that the intrinsic 14C content in the liquid is extremely low. In the Borexino CTF detector at Gran Sasso, Italy the 14C/12C ratio of 2 × 10−18 has been achieved being the lowest 14C concentration ever measured. In principle, the older the oil or gas source that the liquid scintillator is derived of and the deeper it situates, the smaller the 14C/12C ratio is supposed to be. This, however, is not generally the case, and the ratio is probably determined by the U and Th content of the local environment. ...