Effects of short term water immersion on peripheral reflex excitability in hemiplegic and healthy individuals: A preliminary study
Cronin, N., Valtonen, A.M., Waller, B., Pöyhönen, T., & Avela, J. (2016). Effects of short term water immersion on peripheral reflex excitability in hemiplegic and healthy individuals: A preliminary study. Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions, 16(1), 58-62. http://www.ismni.org/jmni/pdf/63/V16I1_09CRONIN.pdf
Published inJournal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions
© the Authors, 2016. This is an open access article published by International Society of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions.
Background: Reflex excitability is increased in hemiplegic patients compared to healthy controls. One challenge of stroke rehabilitation is to decrease the effects of hyperreflexia, which may be possible with water immersion. Methods/Aims: The present study examined the effects of acute water immersion on electrically-evoked Hmax:Mmax ratios (a measure of reflex excitability) in 7 hyperreflexive hemiplegic patients and 7 age-matched healthy people. Hmax:Mmax ratios were measured from soleus on dry land (L1), immediately after (W1) and 5 minutes after immersion (W5), and again after five minutes on land (L5). Results: Water immersion led to an acute increase in Hmax:Mmax ratio in both groups. However, after returning to dry land, there was a non-significant decrease in the Hmax:Mmax ratio of 8% in the hemiplegic group and 10% in healthy controls compared to pre-immersion values. Interpretation: A short period of water immersion can decrease peripheral reflex excitability after returning to dry land in both healthy controls and post-stroke patients, although longer immersion periods may be required for sustainable effects. Water immersion may offer promise as a low-risk, non-invasive and non-pharmaceutical method of decreasing hyperreflexivity, and could thus support aquatic rehabilitation following stroke. ...
PublisherInternational Society of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions
ISSN Search the Publication Forum1108-7161
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Effectiveness of technology-based distance physical rehabilitation interventions for improving physical functioning in stroke : a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Rintala, Aki; Päivärinne, Ville; Hakala, Sanna; Paltamaa, Jaana; Heinonen, Ari; Karvanen, Juha; Sjögren, Tuulikki (W.B. Saunders Co., 2019)Objective To study the effectiveness of technology-based distance physical rehabilitation interventions on physical functioning in stroke. Data Sources A systematic literature search was conducted in 6 databases from ...
Effects of water immersion on soleus neuromuscular parameters Jozefiak, Zsolt (2017)Aquatic rehabilitation is a widely used tool for injury prevention or rehabilitation. The underlying neuromuscular mechanisms during immersion are less known due to methodological issues. The following study main purpose ...
Effects of different strength training frequencies on maximum strength, body composition and functional capacity in healthy older individuals Turpela, Mari; Häkkinen, Keijo; Haff, Guy Gregory; Walker, Simon (Elsevier, 2017)There is controversy in the literature regarding the dose-response relationship of strength training in healthy older participants. The present study determined training frequency effects on maximum strength, muscle mass ...
Exercise treatment effect modifiers in persistent low back pain : an individual participant data meta-analysis of 3514 participants from 27 randomised controlled trials Hayden, Jill A.; Wilson, Maria N.; Stewart, Samuel; Cartwright, Jennifer L.; Smith, Andrea O.; Riley, Richard D.; van Tulder, Maurits; Bendix, Tom; Cecchi, Francesca; Costa, Leonardo O. P.; Dufour, Ninna; Ferreira, Manuela L.; Foster, Nadine E.; Gudavalli, Maruti R.; Hartvigsen, Jan; Helmhout, Pieter; Kool, Jan; Koumantakis, George A.; Kovacs, Francisco M.; Kuukkanen, Tiina; Long, Audrey; Macedo, Luciana G., Machado, Luciana A. C.; Maher, Chris G.; Mehling, Wolf; Morone, Giovanni; Peterson, Tom; Rasmussen-Barr, Eva; Ryan, Cormac G.; Sjögren, Tuulikki; Smeets, Rob; Staal, J. Bart; Unsgaard-Tøndel, Monica; Wajswelner, Henry; Yeung, Ella W. (BMJ Publishing Group Ltd.; British Association of Sport and Exercise Medicine, 2020)Background: Low back pain is one of the leading causes of disability worldwide. Exercise therapy is widely recommended to treat persistent non-specific low back pain. While evidence suggests exercise is, on average, ...
Characterisation of peripheral bone mineral density in youth at risk of secondary osteoporosis : a preliminary insight Jenkins, M.; Hart, N.H.; Nimphius, S.; Chivers, P.; Rantalainen, T.; Rothacker, K.M.; Beck, B.R.; Weeks, B.K.; McIntyre, F.; Hands, B.; Beeson, B.P.; Siafarikas, A. (Hylonome Publications, 2020)Objectives: To describe peripheral long bone material and structural differences in youth at risk of secondary osteoporosis across disease-specific profiles. Methods: Upper- and lower limbs of children and adolescents ...