Adiposity, physical activity and neuromuscular performance in children
Haapala, E., Väistö, J., Lintu, N., Tompuri, T., Brage, S., Westgate, K., Ekelund, U., Lampinen, E.-K., Sääkslahti, A., Lindi, V., & Lakka, T. A. (2016). Adiposity, physical activity and neuromuscular performance in children. Journal of Sports Sciences, 34(18), 1699-1706. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2015.1134805
Published inJournal of Sports Sciences
© 2016 Taylor & Francis. This is a final draft version of an article whose final and definitive form has been published by Taylor & Francis. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.
We investigated the associations of body fat percentage (BF%), objectively assessed moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and different types of physical activity assessed by a questionnaire with neuromuscular performance. The participants were 404 children aged 6–8 years. BF% was assessed using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry and physical activity by combined heart rate and movement sensing and a questionnaire. The results of 50-m shuttle run, 15-m sprint run, hand grip strength, standing long jump, sit-up, modified flamingo balance, box-and-block and sit-and-reach tests were used as measures of neuromuscular performance. Children who had a combination of higher BF% and lower levels of physical activity had the poorest performance in 50-m shuttle run, 15-m sprint run and standing long jump tests. Higher BF% was associated with slower 50-m shuttle run and 15-m sprint times, shorter distance jumped in standing long jump test, fewer sit-ups, more errors in balance test and less cubes moved in box-and-block test. Higher levels of physical activity and particularly MVPA assessed objectively by combined accelerometer and heart rate monitor were related to shorter 50-m shuttle run and 15-m sprint times. In conclusion, higher BF% and lower levels of physical activity and particularly the combination of these two factors were associated with worse neuromuscular performance. ...
PublisherRoutledge; British Association of Sports Sciences
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