Individual Endurance Training Prescription with Heart Rate Variability
Vesterinen, V., Nummela, A., Heikura, I., Laine, T., Hynynen, E., Botella, J., & Häkkinen, K. (2016). Individual Endurance Training Prescription with Heart Rate Variability. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 48(7), 1347-1354. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000000910
Published inMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
© 2016 American College of Sports Medicine. This is a final draft version of an article whose final and definitive form has been published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.
Introduction: Measures of HR variability (HRV) have shown potential to be of use in training prescription. Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of using HRV in endurance training prescription. Methods: Forty recreational endurance runners were divided into the HRV-guided experimental training group (EXP) and traditional predefined training group (TRAD). After a 4-wk preparation training period, TRAD trained according to a predefined training program including two to three moderate- (MOD) and high-intensity training (HIT) sessions per week during an 8-wk intensive training period. The timing of MOD and HIT sessions in EXP was based on HRV, measured every morning. The MOD/HIT session was programmed if HRV was within an individually determined smallest worthwhile change. Otherwise, low-intensity training was performed. Maximal oxygen consumption (V˙O2max) and 3000-m running performance (RS3000m) were measured before and after both training periods. Results: The number of MOD and HIT sessions was significantly lower (P = 0.021, effect size = 0.98) in EXP (13.2 ± 6.0 sessions) compared with TRAD (17.7 ± 2.5 sessions). No other differences in training were found between the groups. RS3000m improved in EXP (2.1% ± 2.0%, P = 0.004) but not in TRAD (1.1% ± 2.7%, P = 0.118) during the intensive training period. A small between-group difference (effect size = 0.42) was found in the change in RS3000m. V˙O2max improved in both groups (EXP: 3.7% ± 4.6%, P = 0.027; TRAD: 5.0% ± 5.2%, P = 0.002). Conclusion: The results of the present study suggest the potential of resting HRV to prescribe endurance training by individualizing the timing of vigorous training sessions. ...
PublisherLippincott Williams & Wilkins; American College of Sports Medicine
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Predicting and monitoring individual endurance training adaptation and individualizing training prescription : with endurance performance, cardiac autonomic regulation and neuromuscular performance Vesterinen, Ville (University of Jyväskylä, 2016)Humans adapt differently to standardized endurance training programs. While some individuals may achieve huge improvements in physical fitness, other individuals may even suffer from negative adaptations. Special attention ...
Heikura, Ida (2015)Sykevaihtelu kuvastaa autonomisen hermoston toimintaa, minkä vuoksi sen on ajateltu kertovan luotettavasti urheilijan palautumistilasta. Viime vuosina onkin herännyt ajatus, voisiko sykevaihtelun avulla ohjelmoida ...
Associations of physical activity, sedentary time, and cardiorespiratory fitness with heart rate variability in 6- to 9-year-old children : the PANIC study Veijalainen, Aapo; Haapala, Eero A.; Väistö, Juuso; Leppänen, Marja H.; Lintu, Niina; Tompuri, Tuomo; Seppälä, Santeri; Ekelund, Ulf; Tarvainen, Mika P.; Westgate, Kate; Brage, Søren; Lakka, Timo A. (Springer, 2019)Purpose. To study the associations of physical activity (PA), sedentary time (ST), and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) with heart rate variability (HRV) in children. Methods. The participants were a population sample ...
Post-exercise heart rate variability : a new approach to evaluation of exercise-induced physiological training load Kaikkonen, Piia (University of Jyväskylä, 2015)To improve maximal endurance performance, an optimal physiological training load, i.e. the balance between exercise and recovery, is required. In general, the goal of a single endurance exercise session is to transiently ...
High-intensity endurance training increases nocturnal heart rate variability in sedentary participants Nummela, Ari; Hynynen, Esa; Kaikkonen, Piia; Rusko, Heikki (Institute of Sport in Warsaw, 2016)The effects of endurance training on endurance performance characteristics and cardiac autonomic modulation during night sleep were investigated during two 4-week training periods. After the first 4-week training period ...