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dc.contributor.advisorThompson, Marc
dc.contributor.advisorLuck, Geoff
dc.contributor.authorBartley, Fern
dc.date.accessioned2016-06-13T08:46:13Z
dc.date.available2016-06-13T08:46:13Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.otheroai:jykdok.linneanet.fi:1544709
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/50276
dc.description.abstractThe musical pause is an acoustic space between musical phrases, and is an important auditory quality because it can enhance tension by delaying the expected. It has been proposed that expectancies develop from long-term schematic knowledge learned through exposure; however, the dynamic attending theory indicates that expectancies arise from localized short-term knowledge found in the stimulus. This study aims to measure the optimal duration of the pause by assessing the influence of low-level musical features, long-term familiarity, musical ability, and personality. Musical excerpts were chosen from a variety of genres to include two phrases (separable by a silence), from which participants were asked to create and to rate the pauses. Results indicated that, while preferences and choices of pause durations were partially influenced by low-level features, they were more often affected by long-term schematic learning. Despite discrepancies in the relationship between the pause and metre, there was high consensus that pauses not exceeding three beats were favoured. Results also implied that expectations might change depending on the listening intent of the individual, which could have implications for perceptual differences between performer and audience.en
dc.format.extent1 verkkoaineisto (76 sivua)
dc.language.isoeng
dc.rightsJulkaisu on tekijänoikeussäännösten alainen. Teosta voi lukea ja tulostaa henkilökohtaista käyttöä varten. Käyttö kaupallisiin tarkoituksiin on kielletty.fi
dc.rightsThis publication is copyrighted. You may download, display and print it for Your own personal use. Commercial use is prohibited.en
dc.subject.othersilence
dc.subject.othermusical pause
dc.subject.otherexpectation
dc.subject.otherdynamic attending theory
dc.subject.otherentrainment
dc.subject.otherprediction effect
dc.subject.otherschematic learning
dc.subject.otherfamiliarity
dc.subject.otherlong-term memory
dc.subject.othershort-term memory
dc.titleThe optimal musical pause : the effects of expectancies, musical training, and personality
dc.title.alternativeEffects of expectancies, musical training, and personality
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-201606133043
dc.type.ontasotPro gradufi
dc.type.ontasotMaster's thesisen
dc.contributor.tiedekuntaHumanistinen tiedekuntafi
dc.contributor.tiedekuntaFaculty of Humanitiesen
dc.contributor.laitosMusiikin laitosfi
dc.contributor.laitosDepartment of Musicen
dc.contributor.yliopistoUniversity of Jyväskyläen
dc.contributor.yliopistoJyväskylän yliopistofi
dc.contributor.oppiaineMusic, Mind and Technology (maisteriohjelma)fi
dc.contributor.oppiaineMaster's Degree Programme in Music, Mind and Technologyen
dc.date.updated2016-06-13T08:46:13Z
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.contributor.oppiainekoodi3054
dc.subject.ysohiljaisuus
dc.subject.ysotyömuisti
dc.subject.ysosäilömuisti
dc.subject.ysomusiikki
dc.subject.ysooppiminen


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