An initial investigation of smokers’ urges to smoke and their exercise intensity preference: A mixed-methods approach
Zourbanos, N., Hatzigeorgiadis, A., Tsiami, A., Tzatzaki, T., Georgakouli, K., Manthou, E., . . . Theodorakis, Y. (2016). An initial investigation of smokers’ urges to smoke and their exercise intensity preference: A mixed-methods approach. Cogent Medicine, 3, 1149043. doi:10.1080/2331205X.2016.1149043
Published inCogent Medicine
© 2016 The Author(s). This open access article is distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 license.
The purpose of this study was to examine whether smokers preferred a “self-selected” form of physical activity (PA) in which they were allowed to determine themselves the intensity of PA or preferred a “set” form of PA in which the instructor chose the exercise intensity for them. In addition, we examined effects of ‘set” and “self-selected” intensity exercise, on urges to smoke. Participants were 20 (mean age = 27.10 ± 7.37) adults, non-physically active, heavy smokers. Four of them were also interviewed. Results demonstrated that smokers exhibited an enhanced preference for “self-selected” forms of PA as opposed to “set” forms of PA. Smoking urge was significantly lower immediately after exercise in both conditions, returned to baseline levels at 30 min post-exercise, and increased further at 60 min post-exercise. Qualitative data supported the quantitative findings and gave insight to dimensions that needs to be taken under account when we design exercise programs for smokers. The implication of the overall findings is that smoking cessation and motivation for PA participation can be increased by allowing smokers to select intensity of PA programs. ...
PublisherCogent OA, an imprint of Taylor & Francis
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