Factors behind Leisure-Time Physical Activity Behavior Based on Finnish Twin Studies: The Role of Genetic and Environmental Influences and the Role of Motives
Aaltonen, S., Kujala, U., & Kaprio, J. (2014). Factors behind Leisure-Time Physical Activity Behavior Based on Finnish Twin Studies: The Role of Genetic and Environmental Influences and the Role of Motives. BioMed Research International, 2014, Article 931820. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/931820
Published inBioMed Research International
© 2014 Sari Aaltonen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License.
Different approaches are being taken to clarify the role of various factors in the development of physical activity behaviors. Genetic studies are a new area of physical activity research and also the motives for physical activity have been widely studied. The purpose of this paper is to review the findings emerging from the longitudinal genetic studies on leisure-time physical activity and to evaluate the associations between motivational factors and leisure-time physical activity. The focus is to review recent findings of longitudinal Finnish twin studies. The results of the latest longitudinal Finnish twin studies point to the existence of age-specific genetic and environmental influences on leisure-time physical activity. Variations in environmental factors seem to explain the observed deterioration in leisure-time physical activity levels. A decline in genetic influences is seen first from adolescence to young adulthood and again from the age of thirty to the mid-thirties. In the Finnish twin participants, mastery, physical fitness, and psychological state were the major motivation factors associated with consistent leisure-time physical activity behavior. The results also indicate that intrinsic motivation factors may be important for engagement in leisure-time physical activity. ...
PublisherHindawi Publishing Corporation
ISSN Search the Publication Forum2314-6133
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Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2014 Sari Aaltonen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License.
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