Experimental and Theoretical Investigations of Structural Trends for Selenium(IV) Imides and Oxides: X-ray Structure of Se3(NAd)2
Maaninen, T., Tuononen, H., Schatte, G., Suontamo, R., Valkonen, J., Laitinen, R., & Chivers, T. (2004). Experimental and Theoretical Investigations of Structural Trends for Selenium(IV) Imides and Oxides: X-ray Structure of Se3(NAd)2. Inorganic Chemistry, 43 (6), 2097-2104. doi:10.1021/ic034944b
Published inInorganic Chemistry
DisciplineEpäorgaaninen ja analyyttinen kemia
© 2004 American Chemical Society. This is a final draft version of an article whose final and definitive form has been published by ACS. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.
The thermal decomposition of Se(NAd)2 (Ad = 1-adamantyl) in THF was monitored by 77Se NMR and shown to give the novel cyclic selenium imide Se3(NAd)2 as one of the products. An X-ray structural determination showed that Se3(NAd)2 is a puckered five-membered ring with d(Se−Se) = 2.404(1) Å and |d(Se−N)| = 1.873(4) Å. On the basis of 77Se NMR data, other decomposition products include the six-membered ring Se3(NAd)3, and the four-membered rings AdNSe(μ-NAd)2SeO and OSe(μ-NAd)2SeO. The energies for the cyclodimerization of E(NR)2 and RNEO (E = S, Se; R = H, Me, tBu, SiMe3), and the cycloaddition reactions of RNSeO with E(NR)2, RNSO2 with Se(NR)2, and S(NR)2 with Se(NR)2 have been calculated at MP2, CCSD, and CCSD(T) levels of theory using the cc-pVDZ basis sets and B3PW91/6-31G* optimized geometries. Sulfur(IV) and selenium(IV) diimide monomers are predicted to be stable, the sole exception being Se(NSiMe3)2 that shows a tendency toward cyclodimerization. The cyclodimerization energy for RNSeO and the cycloaddition reaction energies of RNSeO with Se(NR)2 as well as that of RNSO2 with Se(NR)2 are negative, consistent with the observed formation of OSe(μ-NtBu)2SeO, OSe(μ-NtBu)2SeNtBu, and O2S(μ-NtBu)2SeNtBu, respectively. Cycloaddition is unlikely when one of the reactants is a sulfur(IV) diimide. ...