Absence of Sex Differential Plasticity to Light Availability during Seed Maturation in Geranium sylvaticum
Varga, S., Laaksonen, E., Siikamäki, P., & Kytöviita, M.-M. (2015). Absence of Sex Differential Plasticity to Light Availability during Seed Maturation in Geranium sylvaticum. PLoS ONE, 10 (3), e0118981. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0118981
Published inPLoS ONE
DisciplineEkologia ja evoluutiobiologia
© 2015 Varga et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.
Sex-differential plasticity (SDP) hypothesis suggests that since hermaphrodites gain fitness through both pollen and seed production they may have evolved a higher degree of plasticity in their reproductive strategy compared to females which achieve fitness only through seed production. SDP may explain the difference in seed production observed between sexes in gynodioecious species in response to resource (nutrients or water) availability. In harsh environments, hermaphrodites decrease seed production whereas females keep it relatively similar regardless of the environmental conditions. Light availability can be also a limiting resource and thus could theoretically affect differently female and hermaphrodite seed output even though this ecological factor has been largely overlooked. We tested whether the two sexes in the gynodioecious species Geranium sylvaticum differ in their tolerance to light limitation during seed maturation in the field. We used a fully factorial block experiment exposing female and hermaphrodite plants to two different light environments (control and shade) after their peak flowering period. Specifically, we measured fruit and seed production in response to decreased light availability and compared it between the sexes. Shading reduced the number of fruits and seeds produced, but the decrease was similar between the sexes. Furthermore, shading delayed seed production by three days in both sexes, but did not affect seed mass, seed P content, or the probability of re-flowering the following year. Our results give no evidence for reproductive SDP in response to light during seed maturation. ...
PublisherPublic Library of Science
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Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2015 Varga et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.
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