Affect regulation, mental health disorders, and maladaptive brain responses in music listening : a correlational study
DisciplineMusic, Mind and Technology (maisteriohjelma)Master's Degree Programme in Music, Mind and Technology
Affect regulation may be defined as a process by which an individual maintains or modifies his or her mood or emotional state, by conscious or automatic processes. Adequate affect regulation may play an important role in mitigating or preventing mental illness, which is a widespread, inadequately treated and inadequately understood phenomenon. Music, which is known to express and induce emotions, may be used for affect regulation in a variety of ways, both self-directed and in therapeutic contexts. The effectiveness, however, of different uses of music in affect regulation is not yet understood. Both psychological testing and neuro-imaging were used to explore the relationship between individual differences in music use, risk or presence of mood disorder, and brain responses in music listening. For 123 participants, depression, anxiety and neuroticism measures were correlated with Music in Mood Regulation (MMR) scores. Psychological and MMR scores were then correlated with levels of neural responses in regions of interest (ROIs), exposing differences in participants with higher levels of depression or anxiety, and who more frequently use music in conjunction with a discharge or diversion regulation strategy. Differences were found between males and females both in music use and in neural responses to music listening. Males used the MMR strategy Discharge more when they had higher levels of anxiety and neuroticism. Measures of ROI activation in the right amygdala, right fusiform gyrus, and the bilateral prefrontal cortex correlated either positively or negatively with higher levels of depression, anxiety, or neuroticism, as well as males and females who used Discharge and Diversion as mood regulation strategies. ...
MetadataShow full item record
- Pro gradu -tutkielmat 
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Zhu, Yongjie; Wang, Xiaoyu; Mathiak, Klaus; Toiviainen, Petri; Ristaniemi, Tapani; Xu, Jing; Chang, Yi; Cong, Fengyu (World Scientific, 2021)To examine the electrophysiological underpinnings of the functional networks involved in music listening, previous approaches based on spatial independent component analysis (ICA) have recently been used to ongoing ...
Shared and Unshared Feature Extraction in Major Depression During Music Listening Using Constrained Tensor Factorization Wang, Xiulin; Liu, Wenya; Wang, Xiaoyu; Mu, Zhen; Xu, Jing; Chang, Yi; Zhang, Qing; Wu, Jianlin; Cong, Fengyu (Frontiers Media SA, 2021)Ongoing electroencephalography (EEG) signals are recorded as a mixture of stimulus-elicited EEG, spontaneous EEG and noises, which poses a huge challenge to current data analyzing techniques, especially when different ...
My body moves in music therapy : body movements and their role in music therapy in the treatment of depression and an eating disorder : a case study Karvonen, Riikka (2015)Music and dance play an important role in every culture and society. In some parts of the world, the word for music and dance is the same. Due to this, one good treatment and psychological support can be music and dance. ...
Music Therapy for Depression Enhanced With Listening Homework and Slow Paced Breathing : A Randomised Controlled Trial Erkkilä, Jaakko; Brabant, Olivier; Hartmann, Martin; Mavrolampados, Anastasios; Ala-Ruona, Esa; Snape, Nerdinga; Saarikallio, Suvi; Gold, Christian (Frontiers Media SA, 2021)Introduction: There is evidence from earlier trials for the efficacy of music therapy in the treatment of depression among working-age people. Starting therapy sessions with relaxation and revisiting therapeutic themes ...
Being moved by listening to unfamiliar sad music induces reward‐related hormonal changes in empathic listeners Eerola, Tuomas; Vuoskoski, Jonna K.; Kautiainen, Hannu; Peltola, Henna‐Riikka; Putkinen, Vesa; Schäfer, Katharina (Wiley, 2021)Many people enjoy sad music, and the appeal for tragedy is widespread among the consumers of film and literature. The underlying mechanisms of such aesthetic experiences are not well understood. We tested whether pleasure ...