Performance-related fear experiences, coping and perceived functional impact on highly skilled athletes
ABSTRACT Melina Puolamäki, 2013. Performance-related fear experiences, coping and perceived functional impact on highly skilled athletes. Master’s Thesis in Sport and Exercise Psychology. Department of Sport Science, University of Jyväskylä. 68p. Three types of experiences are distinguished in sport: emotional states (state-like), emotion patterns (trait-like), and meta-experiences or attitudes towards one’s experiences (Hanin, 2004). Most emotion research has traditionally focused on the study of anxiety and its impact on athletic performance. Although unpleasant emotions have been assumed harmful for performance, previous research on anxiety (Hanin, 2000) and anger (Ruiz & Hanin, 2011) has indicated, that they can also be beneficial. However, the impact of fear, another stress-related emotion, is still unclear. This study examined experiences of fear in a purposive sample of 12 (N = 12) high-level sport competitors (4 male, 8 female; age M = 19, SD = 2.8). They were involved in alpine skiing, cheerleading, diving, figure-skating, gymnastics, ice-hockey, karate, and snowboarding, competing at national or/and international level and having achieved good results at major competitions (i.e., national, Nordic, European, and World Championships). An interview guide was developed to examine the content of athletes’ experiences of fear, coping strategies and perceived functional impact on performance. Deductive and inductive content analyses were used to analyze the data: deductive content analyses used the categories of the IZOF model (cognitive, affective, motivational, bodily, motor-behavioral, operational and communicative; Hanin 2000, 2007) and inductive content analyses were used to identify the emerging themes. The most common experience was fear related to risky motor tasks. Fear of failure was also important to the athletes. High intensity of fear was perceived as harmful for performance; however, most athletes reflected positive perceptions of beneficial effects upon performance. For instance, fear was reflected to enhance concentration. The findings are in line with earlier IZOF-based studies, providing support for the notion of optimal and dysfunctional performance-related fear. ...
MetadataShow full item record
- Pro gradu -tutkielmat 
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Lima Fogaça, Janaina; Päkk, Robert (2012)Janaina Lima Fogaca & Robert Päkk, 2012. Performance-related affective experiences in elite shooters during the preparation season. Department of Sport Sciences. University of Jyväskylä. 79 p. The present study examined ...
Performance-related emotions in highly skilled soccer players : a longitudinal study based on the IZOF model Syrjä, Pasi (University of Jyväskylä, 2000)
Effects of aging and training on sprint performance, muscle structure and contractile function in athletes Korhonen, Marko T. (University of Jyväskylä, 2009)Cross-sectional studies were conducted to examine sprint running, anaerobic energy production and muscle properties in male sprinters aged 17-88 years. In addition, a 20-week training intervention was carried out to determine ...
The role of social interaction during pre-performance routines : An individual zones of optimal functioning (IZOF) perspective Middleton, Thierry R. F.; Seanor, Michelle; Schinke, Robert J.; Pedraza, Ismael; Ruiz, Montse C.; Robazza, Claudio (Edizioni Luigi Pozzi, 2019)The purpose of the current study was to provide an exploratory account of swimmers’ pre-performance routines prior to a successful performance and the influential role that social interaction plays during this time. Eight ...