Controllability method for acoustic scattering with spectral elements
Heikkola, E., Mönkölä, S., Pennanen, A., & Rossi, T. (2007). Controllability method for acoustic scattering with spectral elements. Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics, 204(2), 344-355. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cam.2006.02.046
Published inJournal of Computational and Applied Mathematics
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We formulate the Helmholtz equation as an exact controllability problem for the time-dependent wave equation. The problem is then discretized in time domain with central finite difference scheme and in space domain with spectral elements. This approach leads to high accuracy in spatial discretization. Moreover, the spectral element method results in diagonal mass matrices, which makes the time integration of the wave equation highly efficient. After discretization, the exact controllability problem is reformulated as a least-squares problem, which is solved by the conjugate gradient method. We illustrate the method with some numerical experiments, which demonstrate the significant improvements in efficiency due to the higher order spectral elements. For a given accuracy, the controllability technique with spectral element method requires fewer computational operations than with conventional finite element method. In addition, by using higher order polynomial basis the influence of the pollution effect is reduced. ...