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dc.contributor.authorZgrzywa, Ewa
dc.date.accessioned2012-09-12T11:14:31Z
dc.date.available2012-09-12T11:14:31Z
dc.date.issued2009
dc.identifier.otheroai:jykdok.linneanet.fi:1226699
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/38532
dc.description.abstractRecent estimates have set the world urban population at over 3 billion people. In Nigeria, the massive urban sprawl has resulted in the proliferation of slums that are regarded as areas of extreme poverty. Nevertheless, slum communities possess collective assets in the form of networks and reciprocal relations, yet they often lack capacity to build the type of social capital that could be used for the improvement of their living conditions. Assistance from NGOs and participation in development projects may boost the creation of this resource. The aim of this study is to contribute to the discussion on social capital in urban areas of sub-Saharan Africa. The study examines social capital of two slum communities in Lagos, Nigeria, and the Nigerian Social Housing Initiative (NSHI), project aimed at mobilizing them for the improvement of housing and living conditions. The focus of field research is also on analyzing activities undertaken by the assisting NGO, the Social and Economic Rights Action Center (SERAC), and gaining deeper understanding of factors influencing community social capital. The perspective adopted in this research builds upon the notion of social capital defined by Robert D. Putnam as the membership in networks, social trust and norms of reciprocity that facilitate cooperation. The qualitative case study method employed in this study is rooted in the tradition of the Chicago School of Sociology. The data consists of semi-structured interviews with key informants, participant observation, survey reports, project proposals, newspaper articles, SERAC's publications and booklets of community-based organizations. The findings of this study confirm that slum communities have generally low levels of social capital, however they possess high stocks of bonding social capital, while lacking bridging and linking capital. Historical factors, physical conditions, insecurity of tenure and institutional environment impact the formation and destruction of social capital. The results acknowledge the role of local leaders and the organizational capacity of the poor in bridging between communities and linking with external actors. Additionally, the NGO-led initiatives in the slums need to be carefully planned and implemented to address the lacks in specific components of social capital and utilize opportunities while keeping in mind existing constraints. This study further suggests that internal problems of the NGOs may profoundly impact the success of their social capital initiatives.
dc.format.extent114 s
dc.language.isoeng
dc.rightsThis publication is copyrighted. You may download, display and print it for Your own personal use. Commercial use is prohibited.en
dc.rightsJulkaisu on tekijänoikeussäännösten alainen. Teosta voi lukea ja tulostaa henkilökohtaista käyttöä varten. Käyttö kaupallisiin tarkoituksiin on kielletty.fi
dc.subject.othersocial capital
dc.subject.otherslum community
dc.subject.othersocial housing
dc.subject.otherNGO assistance
dc.titleMaking social capital : case study of two beneficiary communities of the social housing initiative, Lagos, Nigeria
dc.title.alternativeCase study of two beneficiary communities of the social housing initiative, Lagos, Nigeria
dc.typeBooken
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-201209122390
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten
dc.type.ontasotPro gradufi
dc.type.ontasotMaster's thesisen
dc.contributor.tiedekuntaYhteiskuntatieteellinen tiedekuntafi
dc.contributor.tiedekuntaFaculty of Social Sciencesen
dc.contributor.laitosYhteiskuntatieteiden ja filosofian laitosfi
dc.contributor.laitosDepartment of Social Sciences and Philosophyen
dc.contributor.yliopistoUniversity of Jyväskyläen
dc.contributor.yliopistoJyväskylän yliopistofi
dc.contributor.oppiaineKansainvälinen kehitystyö (maisteriohjelma)fi
dc.contributor.oppiaineMaster's Degree Programme in Development and International Cooperationen
dc.date.updated2012-09-12T11:14:31Z
dc.rights.accesslevelrestrictedAccessfi
dc.contributor.oppiainekoodi211
dc.subject.ysososiaalinen pääoma
dc.subject.ysoslummit
dc.subject.ysoyhteisöt
dc.subject.ysoverkostot
dc.subject.ysoyleishyödylliset yhteisöt
dc.subject.ysososiaalinen asuntotuotanto
dc.subject.ysoNigeria
dc.rights.accessrightsAineistoon pääsyä on rajoitettu tekijänoikeussyistä. Aineisto on luettavissa Jyväskylän yliopiston kirjaston arkistotyöasemalta. Ks. https://kirjasto.jyu.fi/kokoelmat/arkistotyoasema.fi
dc.rights.accessrightsThis material has a restricted access due to copyright reasons. It can be read at the workstation at Jyväskylä University Library reserved for the use of archival materials: https://kirjasto.jyu.fi/collections/archival-workstation.en


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