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dc.contributor.authorHusu, Hanna-Mari
dc.date.accessioned2012-07-10T10:17:46Z
dc.date.available2012-07-10T10:17:46Z
dc.date.issued2007
dc.identifier.otheroai:jykdok.linneanet.fi:1223018
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/38179
dc.description.abstractThis master’s thesis deals with the idea of separation in self-determination and in self-definition in the Nation of Islam from the late 1950s to the early 1960s. The Nation of Islam was a religious and socio-political organization for African-Americans that was founded in 1930 in Detroit. In the 1950s, it was the fastest growing and most influential of the organizations that emphasized black radicalism. I focus on the rhetoric acts of Elijah Muhammad (a head of the organization) and Malcolm X. In the earlier studies, identity and self-determination were considered key factors. Usually, these types of studies emphasized the importance of identity and self-determination in explaining black radicalism. However, they were problematic because scholars have not been exact when defining concepts such as identity and self-determination. Therefore, we need to have a more specific approach to the topic, which helps us to conceptualize identity and self-determination. I suggest that, in addition to self-determination, we need the concept of self-definition in order to understand aspects of identity in the Nation of Islam and black radicalism The difference between self-determination and self-definition is that I defined self-determination as empowerment, which includes control over one’s life, coping and goal-orientated action. Separation refers to the Nation of Islam’s aspiration for physically separated space, in which control over their own recourses was possible. Self-determination is insufficient in understanding the Nation of Islam because psychological and identity-related issues are understood merely in their relation to self-motivation and well-being. Self-definition, on the other hand, is important because it refers more to psychological factors, status and recognition. The aspiration for separation is seen as an attempt to avoid negative self-identity and creating their own separated space from whites, within which efforts of reconstructing identity are possible.
dc.format.extent118 sivua
dc.language.isoeng
dc.rightsThis publication is copyrighted. You may download, display and print it for Your own personal use. Commercial use is prohibited.en
dc.rightsJulkaisu on tekijänoikeussäännösten alainen. Teosta voi lukea ja tulostaa henkilökohtaista käyttöä varten. Käyttö kaupallisiin tarkoituksiin on kielletty.fi
dc.subject.otherMalcolm X
dc.subject.otherMuhammad, Elijah
dc.subject.otherThe Nation of Islam
dc.titleThe idea of separation in self-determination and in self-definition in the Nation of Islam from the late 1950s to the early 1960s
dc.typeBooken
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-201207102044
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten
dc.type.ontasotPro gradufi
dc.type.ontasotMaster's thesisen
dc.contributor.tiedekuntaYhteiskuntatieteellinen tiedekuntafi
dc.contributor.tiedekuntaFaculty of Social Sciencesen
dc.contributor.tiedekuntaHumanistinen tiedekuntafi
dc.contributor.tiedekuntaFaculty of Humanitiesen
dc.contributor.laitosYhteiskuntatieteiden ja filosofian laitosfi
dc.contributor.laitosDepartment of Social Sciences and Philosophyen
dc.contributor.laitosHistorian ja etnologian laitosfi
dc.contributor.laitosDepartment of History and Ethnologyen
dc.contributor.yliopistoUniversity of Jyväskyläen
dc.contributor.yliopistoJyväskylän yliopistofi
dc.contributor.oppiaineSosiologiafi
dc.contributor.oppiaineSociologyen
dc.contributor.oppiaineYleinen historiafi
dc.contributor.oppiaineGeneral Historyen
dc.date.updated2012-07-10T10:17:46Z
dc.rights.accesslevelrestrictedAccessfi
dc.contributor.oppiainekoodi203
dc.contributor.oppiainekoodi3033
dc.subject.ysoislam
dc.subject.ysoitsemäärääminen
dc.rights.accessrightsThis material has a restricted access due to copyright reasons. It can be read at the workstation at Jyväskylä University Library reserved for the use of archival materials: https://kirjasto.jyu.fi/en/workspaces/facilities.en
dc.rights.accessrightsAineistoon pääsyä on rajoitettu tekijänoikeussyistä. Aineisto on luettavissa Jyväskylän yliopiston kirjaston arkistotyöasemalta. Ks. https://kirjasto.jyu.fi/fi/tyoskentelytilat/laitteet-ja-tilat.fi


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